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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1892

Reports of agents in Oregon,   pp. 409-426 PDF (9.4 MB)

Page 425

REPORTS OF AGENTS IN OEGON.                              4 
without exception, have been instructed in reading, writing, and numbtrs,
and those sufficiently 
advanced, in other studies, viz, geography, United States history, grammar,
composition, and 
There has been great improvement in the moral character of the children,
and this has been 
peculiarly the case with the girls. 
The usual industrial work has been-carried on by the school, the boys being
instructed in 
gardening and of the use of common tools and also in carpenters' tools of
the simpler kind. 
Some of the older boys were instructed in house painting and also in the
care of stock, etc. 
Tie girls have been taught all that is required to make of them good housekeepers,
and ironing, cooking, sewing, knitting, crocheting and embroidery, darning
and mending, 
scrubbing, sweeping and cleaning generally, and also in making butter. 
Sanitary.-During the winter months there was a great deal of sickness, nearly
all of the chil- 
drenhaving the measles and a large number pneumonia and la grippe as well.
The cause of 
so much pneumonia and lung trouble I attribute to the elevation of the location
of this school 
and the inclement weather. 
The only death during the year among the children was that of Josie 0-huc-ox-ly,
from pneumonia, and one casualty, the breaking of an arm of Samuel L. Pow-o-yet,
from a fall which he received while riding horseback. He was transferred
tothe agency school. 
Dr. Houck, the agency physician, attended the case, and at the end of term
he was dismissed en- 
tirely well. 
The buildings, as I have reported before, are poor and in an unfinished state
and more room 
and better accommodations are needed in order to secure better results. 
The water supply is again nearly exhausted and it will be only a few days
when we will be 
obliged to haul water 3 miles. During the past three years we have had to
haul all the water 
that was used at the school twenty-two months out of thirty-six. But there
is no need of my 
going into the details, as special reports and estimates have been made by
Agent Luckey and 
forwarded to your honor, asking for authority and funds to make the improvements
which are 
very much needed at this school. 
Hoping that my successor here may meet with more encouraging results and
be of more bene- 
fit to these people, with thanks to my superiors in the service for their
courteous treatment, 
and with no regrets at leaving, 
I am, very respectfully, 
Si: In compliance with instructions, I have the honor to submit my report
of the school' 
work under my charge for the year ending June 30, 1892. 
Attendane.-For once at least school opened on time, September 1, last, with
6 boys and 
3 girls. By September 30 there were 18 boys and 16 girls, in all 34. Average
attendance was * 
142. Last year school opened September 9 with 4 boys and 2 girls. S-ptember
30 there 
were 8 boys and 4 girls, in all 12; average attendance, 10,11. Most of the
scholars came innear 
the last of the month this last September, which is the reason why the average
is not higher, 
as comparel with the number of scholars enrolled the previous year. December
31 there were 
enrolled, boys 30, girls 32; total 62; average attendance, 50". December
31 1891, there were, 
boys 31, girls 33; total 64; average attendance, 44.  March 31 there were
eirolled, boys 34, 
girls 35; in all 69; average attendance, 622. March 31, 1891, the number
was, boys 35, girls 35; 
in all 70; average attendance, 62 1. June 30 there were, boys 30, girls 34;
total 64; average 
attendance, 59tkr. June 30, 1891, the number was, boys 34, girls 36; total
70; average attend- 
ance, 61. 
The average attendance for the last quarter would have been much higher had
it not been 
that several of the larger boys over 18 years were induced to attendl school
during the winter 
months under promise that when springtime came they could go home to help
their parents. 
As they were in each case the only sons of their parents it seemed very proper
to let them go 
home, which was done. 
The average attendance for the year would have been still higher than was
that of the pre- 
vious year had it not been that two boys were sent to the Salem Training
School, February 26 
last, as per your instructions. Then we had two deaths, both girls, while
last year there were 
no deaths. 
Measles.-During the month of March this school had a run of the measles,
the greater part of 
the scholars having them. There were 23 girls out:of 33 in bed atone time.
Most of the scholars 
rapidiy recovered, but a few were ailing for some time and several were allowed
to go home 
for a season, One of these, a little girl, died at home. 
Progress made.-Progress has been made, but not to that extent that I had
hoped for and had 
in mind at the opening of the school. The year has been a peculiarly trying
one in several re- 
spects. Some of the reasons that madb it so have affected the entire school
To the praise of the scholars be it said, that as a rule they were more tractable,
more willing 
to help each other, and to attend to their prescribed duties than ever before.
They were also 
more contented than everbefore to my knowledge. One thing that made them
much more so 
was that they were better fed and clothed than in previous years. 
Prospects for the future.-I am thankful that there is a good prospect for
a new boarding school 
building to be erected and furnished before the end of another school year.
Though I do not 
expect to le here to help in the work under better conditions, I am none
the less anxious that 
thqimprovements now contemplated may be fully carried out. The good of these
Indians dur- 
ing-long years of service has been with me the primary object, and I am willing
it shall be said 
of our successors, "Other men labored and ye are entered into their
labors." _ 
It is not without regret that a final leave is talken of the work among these
Indian boys and 
girls, the progress of many of whom has been watched since the days of their
infancy, and to 
bid good-bye tq the older Indians, who have been friends for nearly fifteen
years; but a change 
seems desirable, and the work in school and religious lines is laid down
with the hope that 
those who are to follow may take it up and carry it on to a greater success.
i i~ 

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