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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1884
([1884])

Reports of agents in Dakota,   pp. 20-63 PDF (21.1 MB)


Page 27

REPORTS OF AGENTS IN DAKOTA.                         27 
Reservation sut vey. 
One thing, causing constant anxiety and com plaint on the part of the Indians,
is 
that they do not know where the boundary line i of the reservation are. They
have 
been accustomed to look upon the whole surrou iding country as their property,
and 
now, when this is being rapidly taken up C nd settled upon by white men,
the 
Indian, not knowing where the boundary lines are, is in constant fear lest
all his 
reservation shall be thus, piece by piece, takeL from him. If these boundaries
are 
not soon plainly marked out, I fear serious trou ie may arise between the
Indians and 
the border settlers. I trust that it is now in t1 e power of the Department
to have 
this important work done at an early day. 
Allotments 
Constant applications are made to me for allc tments of land, by Indians
who de- 
sire to settle upon claims of their own, make i nprovements, and become property-
holders in severalty, Owing to the fact that I b tve no surveyor to do the
work, I am 
compelled to put these applicants off indefinitel y, to their great discouragement
and 
injury, and to my own personal inconvenience  nd annoyance. If a surveyor
is sent 
here for the purpose of defining the boundariet of the reservation, he should
at the 
same time be authorized and instructed to locat - all the Indians now desiring
thus 
to settle themselves upon individual allotmen s in compliance with the treaty
of 
1868. 
LOWER BRULf A }ENCY. 
The average number of Indians at  his agenc r during the past year has been
1,432. 
They consist almost entirely of the Lower Brul- tribe of Sioux, with the
exception of 
a few Yanktons and Yanktonais. There are vei y few half-breeds among them
and no 
white squaw men. The census as called for b3 section 9, act of Congress approved
July 4, 1884, is as follows: 
Males..     .   ..      .   .   ..--------------------------------------------------------------654
Females-..      .       .      .        .     ..--------------------.----------------------------------------770
Number of males above eighteen years of age------------------------------315
Number of females above fourteen years of age. .      ..----------------------------
389 
Number of school children between six and six een years--------------------200
Number of school houses (two unfit for service)-----------------------------3
Number of schools in operation during past ye1 r-----------------1 
Average attendance at same during school sessi n----------------------------
-28 
Number of teachers and salaries paid during ye tr -----------------------------
4 
Mrs. J. E. Jacob,  principal and teacher--------------------------------$720
Mr. C. D. Bon, 
Mrs. Scott, 
Miss H. B. Johnson,  matrons .---------------..............----------------480
Mrs. 1. Bon, 
Mrs. Gordon, 
Mrs.Williams,  laundresses-------------------------------------        240
Miss Johnson, 
Miss J. E. Johnson, cook................---------------------------------300
Miss H. B. Johnson, 
Conduct of the i ribe. 
As a general thing during the past year the people have been quiet and contented.
The only disturbing influences have been the (ccasional introduction of liquor
from 
the neighboring white towns and settlements, md the, to them, all absorbing
ques- 
tion of removal to another reservation. 
The former evil has not been of a serious nati re, and as parties have been
convicted 
for the sale of liquor to Indians, I trust in the f iture the cause of anxiety
on this sub- 
ject will be lessened. As long, however, as the Indians are so closely surrounded
by 
white settlers the temptation will remain, au d occasional instances will
occur of 
liquor being smuggled in among them. 
On the removal question they are, I think, omewhat divided, the old chiefs
and 
their followers being the opposers to removal and the younger ones in favor
of it. 
In fact the old chiefs are opposed to almost eyw ry move proposed by the
Government 
for the advancement of the tribe, being fearful of losing power with their
people by 
following the advice of agents or commission  rs. Unless these chiefs become
more 
tractable and obedient I should advocate their lisplacement, and either the
reduction 
of the number or advancement to their places c f younger and more progressive
men. 


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