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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1883
([1883])

Reports of agents in Washington territory,   pp. 141-157 PDF (8.3 MB)


Page 148

148      REPORTS OF AGENTS IN          WASHINGTON      TERRITORY. 
ent on both Indians and scholars. Fourteen scholars have gone from this school
to 
Forest Grove within the year, and eight others have graduated, but the number
in 
school has been well kept up. The corps of teachers here employed will compare
favorably with those of any white school in the vicinity. The discipline
is excellent, 
the progress good, and the school is a credit to the service. There is still
need of 
improvements on the buildings to make them comfortable for winter weather.
AT CHEHALIS, 
through the earnest and untiring efforts of the head teacher, the boarding
school has 
increased from 30 to 50. More remote from the centers of business than the
last named, 
it has the advantage of a particularly healthy location, and the absence
of.many 
forms of temptation to vice that seem to be inseparable from our civilization.
The buildings are all in good repair and capable of accommodating fifty scholars,
which are as many as can be easily obtained in that vicinity. From here eight
scholars have been sent to Forest Grove. What has been said in commendation
of 
the schools formerly mentioned will also apply to this. The self denial of
the indi- 
viduals who isolate themselves and contribute their poorly paid services
for the bene- 
fit of the benighted sons and daughters of the forest merits more appreciation
than 
it generally receives. 
AT S' KOKOMISH 
the pay of the teachers has been cut down so low that it has been with the
greatest 
difficulty that I could keep the school manned. At the commencement of the
fiscal 
year I had a first-class corps of teachers there, and the school was in the
best condi- 
tion it has ever been, but all left within a few months on account of the
reduction of 
pay, and with much difficulty I supplied their places with others, who again,
after six 
months' service, finding the labors too great for the pay, all resigned,
compelling me 
to hunt up others. This is very discouraging and disheartening to the agent,
as well 
as disastrous to the school. Such frequent changes render almost useless
the money 
spent for the scholars, and makes a great amount of extra work for the agent.
Not- 
withstanding all these obstacles, the school has increased from twenty-five
to thirty- 
five, and two have been sent to Forest Grove. In some respects the scholars
here are 
in advance of any in either of the other schools, especially in the department
of music, 
a number of the girls being quite competent to play the organ in church,
and for 
Sunday school. The outside influences here, however, are not good, and do
much to 
paralyze the good that is done the Indians and their children, and retard
their advance- 
ment very much. This school is also boarding and industrial. 
AT DUNGINESS 
has been the only successful day school I have known in this vicinity. The
average 
attendance here was about 25, but, as was the case at S'kokomish, for want
of suffi- 
cient pay the teacher resigned in April last, and there has been no school
at that place 
since that time. Although this is not on any reservation it is an important
settle- 
ment, and deserves the aid of the Government in the education of its youth.
Allowances were made for other day schools at Port Madison, Lummi, and Muckle-
shoot Reservations, but the wages were so small that I was unable to obtain
teachers, 
and therefore no schools were established. 
There is an industrial de)artmnent, connected with all boarding schools,
and the 
scholars are taught to do all the kinds of work that the appliances at hanid
will admit of. 
At most of the schools the larger scholars work from three to four hours
a day, besides 
their night and morning chores. Farms are attached to each of the schools,
where 
the vegetables, &c., required for the school are raised by the boys,
and the girls work 
with their instructors for their own benefit and that of the other scholars.
The in- 
terest which the Indians take in the education of their children is much
greater than 
ever before, as they see the advantage it is to those who have obtained it,
and how 
much better off these younger educated ones are than themselves. If the present
policy 
in regard to schools is continued for a few years longer, the Indian problem
for this part 
of the Territory will be no longer a matter of doubt, but a result to he
looked back 
upon with satisfaction. 
The next most important matter with reference to the Indians is the allotment
of 
lands in severalty, and the granting of good and sufficient titles to such
Indians as 
will occupy and cultivate land given to them. On this point too there is
an evident 
advance in the Indian mind, and the avidity with which those having the opportunity
avail themselves of obtaining land is a strong argument in favor of granting
it to 
them. Finding that nothing had been done for the Indians of the Tulalip subagency
in alloting theum homes, except the surveys of the reservations which were
niade many 
years ago, and the marks of which had in umany cases become obliterated,
I obtained 
an allowance to employ a surveyor, who has re-marked the boundary lines of
such 


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