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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1879

Reports of agents in Wisconsin,   pp. 159-166 PDF (3.6 MB)

Page 161

REPORTS OF AGENTS IN         WISCONSIN.                161 
tioned on each of the Oneida, Stockbridge, and Menomonee Reserves. They have
not yet entered upon their duties, but will in a few days, and I have great
hopes as to 
the good they will accomplish in detecting those engaged in the illegal liquor-traffic
aid in bringing them to an account. 
Other sources of revenne. 
The Menomonees during a year and in their seasons make a good deal of money
the sale of berries, furs, and maple sugar, the product of the latter each
year amounting 
to between 60 and 80 tons. The surplus not required for home consumption
is mostly 
bought by the post-trader here. The sugar nets the Indian about 8 cents per
pound; on 
an average crop of say 70 tons, brings the tribe an income of over $11,000
per annum 
from that source alone. It is made, however, in the early spring at a fearful
cost of 
health and to the utter abandonment of homes, farms, stock, and everything
for the 
time being. 
as of old, have their tribal quarrels, being divided into three factions.
They are con- 
tinually planning and scheming to get the advantage of each other. They are
small band, numbering only some 120, but they make as sharp and keen a warfare
against their enemies as one would see among the shrewdest politicians. They
have a 
taught by an Indian who is a Presbyterian minister and a member of the tribe.
half of the children on the reserve do not attend school, or are not allowed
to. The 
so-called Indian 'party, whose funds support the traders, will not permit
the so-called 
old-citizen party to enjoy any of its benefits, and even extend their partisan
warfare so 
far as to shut the school-door against little children. 
The annuitie8 
of the tribe amount to some $30 per capita per annum, which, with their industry
agriculture, affords them a comfortable living. 
Three cases of timber-stealing, committed during the last winter, have been
to the United States district atterney and are now being prosecut&. 
The full statistics inclosed of each tribe separately, which covers all points
of inter- 
eat, and are compiled by careful estimates based upon the most reliable information
to be obtained from the most intelligent members of the different tribes,
and the records 
- of the agency form in themselves a complete report, to which your attention
Very respectfully, 
United State8 Indian Agent. 
Bayfield, Wi8., September 1, 1879. 
SIR: The Chippewas of Lake Superior (under which head are included the following
bands: Fond da Lao, Bois Forte, Gran$ Portage, Red Cliff, Bad River, Lac
de Flam- 
beau, and Lao Court d'Oreille) number about 5,150. They constitute a part
of the Ojib- 
way (anglicized in the term Chippewas) formerly one of the most powerful
and war- 
like nations in the Northwest, embracing many bancls and ranging over an
territory extending along the shores of Lake Huron, Michigan, and Superior
to the 
steppes of the Upper Mississippi. Of this great nation large numbers are
still found in 
Minnesota, many in Michigan, and a fragment in Kansas. 
The bands above mentioned by name are at present located on several small
11 IND                                                    . 

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