United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1879
Reports of agents in Wisconsin, pp. 159-166 PDF (3.6 MB)
REPORTS OF AGENTS IN WISCONSIN. 161 tioned on each of the Oneida, Stockbridge, and Menomonee Reserves. They have not yet entered upon their duties, but will in a few days, and I have great hopes as to the good they will accomplish in detecting those engaged in the illegal liquor-traffic aid in bringing them to an account. Other sources of revenne. The Menomonees during a year and in their seasons make a good deal of money from the sale of berries, furs, and maple sugar, the product of the latter each year amounting to between 60 and 80 tons. The surplus not required for home consumption is mostly bought by the post-trader here. The sugar nets the Indian about 8 cents per pound; on an average crop of say 70 tons, brings the tribe an income of over $11,000 per annum from that source alone. It is made, however, in the early spring at a fearful cost of health and to the utter abandonment of homes, farms, stock, and everything for the time being. THE STOCKBRIDGES, as of old, have their tribal quarrels, being divided into three factions. They are con- tinually planning and scheming to get the advantage of each other. They are a small band, numbering only some 120, but they make as sharp and keen a warfare against their enemies as one would see among the shrewdest politicians. They have a School, taught by an Indian who is a Presbyterian minister and a member of the tribe. One- half of the children on the reserve do not attend school, or are not allowed to. The so-called Indian 'party, whose funds support the traders, will not permit the so-called old-citizen party to enjoy any of its benefits, and even extend their partisan warfare so far as to shut the school-door against little children. The annuitie8 of the tribe amount to some $30 per capita per annum, which, with their industry in agriculture, affords them a comfortable living. Tre8pa88. Three cases of timber-stealing, committed during the last winter, have been reported to the United States district atterney and are now being prosecut&. CONCLUSION. The full statistics inclosed of each tribe separately, which covers all points of inter- eat, and are compiled by careful estimates based upon the most reliable information to be obtained from the most intelligent members of the different tribes, and the records - of the agency form in themselves a complete report, to which your attention is invited. Very respectfully, E. STEPHENS. United State8 Indian Agent. The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. LA POINTE AGENCY, Bayfield, Wi8., September 1, 1879. SIR: The Chippewas of Lake Superior (under which head are included the following bands: Fond da Lao, Bois Forte, Gran$ Portage, Red Cliff, Bad River, Lac de Flam- beau, and Lao Court d'Oreille) number about 5,150. They constitute a part of the Ojib- way (anglicized in the term Chippewas) formerly one of the most powerful and war- like nations in the Northwest, embracing many bancls and ranging over an immense territory extending along the shores of Lake Huron, Michigan, and Superior to the steppes of the Upper Mississippi. Of this great nation large numbers are still found in Minnesota, many in Michigan, and a fragment in Kansas. The bands above mentioned by name are at present located on several small reserva- 11 IND .
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