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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1879
([1879])

Reports of agents in Dakota,   pp. 19-52 PDF (15.7 MB)


Page 50

50                 REPORTS. OF AGENTS IN        DAKOTA. 
GIRLS' BOARDING SCHOOL. 
This has a regular attendance of 32 girls, under the charge of Sister Mary
Chappelle, 
0. S. B., assisted by three other Sisters. The building these girls are in
is wholly 
insufficient for their comfort and health, it being old and altogether too
small; 
dimensions 20 by 70 and 9 feet high. This building'serves as dormitory, dining-room,
kitchen, wash and sleeping rooms, for both teachers and scholars. These girls
develop 
an equal, if not greater, zeal for learning than the boys, and are a great
credit to 
their teachers. In addition to the rudiments of the English language, they
are being 
taught geography,which they really master; also housework of all kinds, needlework,
and singing. Many of them are becoming quite proficient in music, and they
consti- 
tute our church choir. 
The attendance in this school could also be quadrupled, if the space of buildings
would permit; and in this connecti6n I would respectfully state that the
education of 
these people is a question of the most vital importance. In this country
of ours, with 
its fine educational establishments, which are the pride of our nation, the
advantage 
should be extended to the poor Indians here to the fullest extent possible,
as they show 
not only a willingness but anxiety to have their children educated and taken
care of. 
The schools should be enlarged and additional corps ot teachers obtained.
If this is 
done, but few of the rising generation of Indians at this agency would be
without a 
4ommon-school education, and they would esteem us higher, have a better knowledge
of our ways and our dealings, than their parents. 
CATTLE CORRAL. 
A new substantial cattle corral, 132feet wide; 264 feet long, and 10 feet
high, in three 
partitions, was built 3 miles south of the agency, and an excellent scale
for weighing 
beef cattle was attached to the corral, as the old one was dilapidated and
the scale- 
weight incorrect. 
CONCLUSION. 
In concluding my report I cannot help but express the deep obligation to
the hon- 
orable Commissioner of Indian Affairs for his generous treatment and prompt
atten- 
tion to-the wants of this agency, without which but little could be done
in the way of 
the much needed reforms and preparation for the future of the, people here.
Every 
want has been promptly supplied, and under thenew system adopted in the mnannerof
issuing rations, an agent can feel that he is doing his duty without being
stigmatized 
as a thief. The inauguration of a body of police, whose efficient services
enable an 
agent to have his orders properly and promptly enforced, has also been a
great mate- 
rial aid and created a perfect feeling of security. 
I have also much to be grateful to the Catholic bureau for sending such valuable
and efficient teachers here, and giving material aid to the mission in their
zealous 
efforts for the future welfare of these Indians. 
Under the present administration the foundation has been laid for the permanent
improvement and the elevation of the Indian race. 
Very respectfully, your most obedient servant, 
J. A. STEPHAN, 
United States Indian Agent. 
The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
YANKTON AGENCY, DAKOTA, 
August 9, 1879. 
SIR: In compliance with instructions from your office of 14th ultimo, I have
the 
honor of submitting the following annual report of the condition of Indian
affairs at 
this agency. It is almost impossible for me to give a correct resum4 of affairs
here for 
the past year, owing to the fact that during that time the agency has had
two changes 
in agents, viz: Agent John W. Dduglas was relieved by Mr. W. D. E. Andrus,
as farmer 
in charge, on the first day of May, 1.879, and Andrus was relieved by myself
on the 16th 
day of May, 1879. 
NUMBER OF INDIANS. 
The taking of the census and the issuing of a new ration ticket was begun
on the 
29th day of July ultimo, and concluded on Monday, 4th instant. The following
sched- 
ule may be relied on as correct: 
M ales, adults....... ................. . ............. .............500
Females, adults..               -----------------637 
Male  children. . .  .  .   .   .   .  .    .  ..   .   .  .  .   .     .--4
3 6 
Female children. --    -     -    -     -    -     -     -    -     -   405
Total...................................... ................ . ..... 2, 008


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