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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

[Oregon],   pp. 317-326 PDF (5.0 MB)


Page 320

320     REPORT     OF  THE    COMMISSIONER       OF   INDIAN    AFFAIRS.
entirely abolished. The sanctity of the marriage relation is now more fully
understood, a 
regard for the Sabbath is becoming more general, and an increasing desire
for education and 
the comforts of civilization is clearly manifest. If, instead of a mistaken
legislation by 
which funds for employes are reduced to such a point as almost to render
all efforts on the 
part of the agent entirely fruitless, a liberal policy be adopted in those
branches which will 
best serve to elevate the Indians and assist and encourage them to support
themselves, fore- 
most of which is a good manual-labor school, there is no reason why these
Indians may not 
eventually rank favorably with any in the nation. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
L. S. DYAR, 
United States Indian Aoent. 
Hon. E. P. SMITH, 
Commissioner Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. 
MNLALHEUR INDIAN AGENCY, OREGON, 
September 7, 1874. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit this, my first annual report of affairs connected
with 
this agency. 
I arrived at the agency on the 29th of July, and assumed charge on the 1st
day of Au- 
gust. I found but few Indians upon the reservation, the greater portion of
those who win- 
tered here having gone away to hunt and fish. 
There is a pressing necessity for a supply of lumber for this agency, sufficient
to build a 
barn, enlarge the commissary-building, and to finish inside, the buildings
already erected. It 
is also very important that these people should have homes built for their
protection and com- 
fort the coming winter. A quantity of fencing-lumber and shingles is also
very much 
needed. I most respectfully suggest that instructions be given me to purchase
such a quan- 
tity of lumber as I may deem actually.necessary for such purposes. 
Although these Indians have a strong repugnance to anything approaching manual
labor, 
it is my belief that, with a moderate degree of patience on the part of their
agent, they will 
acquire habits of industry, and in a great measure abandon their idle and
roving habits. 
A considerable number of Indians, connected by tribal and family relations
with those 
under my charge, are living at and in the vicinity of Camp McDermott, where,
so I am in- 
formed, rations are issued to them by the military at that post. I am convinced
that so long 
as those Indians are permitted to remain at McDermott, and rations issued
to them, it will 
be impossible to keep those connected with them permanently upon this reserve.
I respect- 
fully suggest that necessary instructions be given me to take such steps
as will induce, if 
possible, those living at Camp McDermott to come upon this reservation and
make it their 
permanent home. 
The greatest number of Indians who have been fed at this agency during the
summer is 
521, but I am quite positive that before winter sets in there will be more
than twice that 
number to care for. 
Experience has demonstrated the fact that grain and all kinds of vegetables
can be raised 
on the reservation. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
SAM. B. PARRISH, 
United States Indian Agent. 
UNITED STATES INDIAN AGENCY, 
Siletz, September 8, 1874. 
SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith my second annual report. 
Last winter was unusually inclement. The failure of the potato-crop, which,
in the ab- 
sence of a grist-mill, is the main item of subsistence for these Indians
during the winter, 
entailed on me the necessity of providing food for nearly 1,000 persons.
The grain raised on 
Government farms was first issued, and subsequent purchases of flour were
made, and is- 
sued to such as from personal inspection I was satisfied were destitute of
other subsistence. 
In this way the winter was passed with but little actual suffering. This
year the Indians 
have a larger alea in cultivation than ever before, and had we a grist-mill
on the reserva- 
tion, or within reasonable distance, could nearly support themselves, notwithstanding
the 
potato-crop is again a failure. We estimate the total grain-crop this year
at 40,000 bushels, 
of which not over 2,500 will belong to Government. These figures, however,
may be ma- 
terially modified when the crop is gathered and thrashed. I very much fear
much of it will 
be lost through failure to receive funds in time for the purchase of necessary
implements. 
This -brop, with the exception of the comparatively small amount owned by
Government, 
has be~au raised by Indian labor, with some assistance of Government teams
where they had 
none of their own. 
A marked improvement has taken place within the year in all directions. A
greater desire 


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