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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

[Arizona],   pp. 286-300 PDF (7.4 MB)


Page 290

290     REPORT    OF THE     COMMISSIONER      OF INDIAN      AFFAIRS. 
these Indians are susceptible of improvement, by what they have shown. First,
they are the 
most temperate people of the Territory as a community; not from lack of opportunities
to 
procure liquor, but the knowledge of its injurious effects. Again, they have
shown a de- 
sire for knowledge, by sending their children to school without any compulsion,
and by fre- 
quent visits to the school evinced a personal interest. The improvement is
slow, but more 
rapid than in any previous year. 
With liberal, judicious aid, wisely administered, these Indians can be entirely
self-sus- 
taining in two years. 
Yours, respectfully, 
J. A. TONNER, 
United States Indian Agent. 
Hon. CO1MIISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, 
[Fashington, D. C. 
MOQUI PUEBLO INDIAN AGENCY, 
Arizona Territory, September 12, 1874. 
SI: I have the honor to submit this my annual report on the condition of
affairs at this 
agency. 
These Indians, you are aware, are Pueblo-Village Indians, peaceably disposed
apparently, 
and have been so within the memory of the inhabitants of this country. There
are seven 
villages in all, with a population amounting in the aggregate to fourteen
hundred and seven 
persons at last count, now nearly one year ago. They are increasing in population;
very 
few deaths occurring among them. Their condition as to houses might be improved,
it would 
seem to us, but they are satisfied and happy, and will not hear of a change.
They are vacil- 
lating in mind; there is not much dependence to be put in them; they will
promise one 
thing, and in ten hours a complete change will have come over them, and their
mind is in 
direct opposition to what it was. 
Notwithstanding this discouraging state of affairs, I have noticed some improvement
within 
the past year. They manifest more of an interest in schools, and seem anxious
to learn-I 
refer now to the older ones; they promise, if an industrial school is started
here at the agency, 
that it shall be well attended; but they have deceived me so often, I am
not disposed to put 
any dependence in what they now say. It is my intention, with the consent
of the Depart- 
ment, to try a school of this kind on a small scale at the agency, and, if
successful, it will be 
an encouragement for an attempt at something more extensive. The school,
always with a 
good attendance, has not given me satisfaction; they do not seem to progress
as they should, 
owing, I believe, to their association while out of school, and the only
remedy for that is to 
move them from their homes. 
The Moquis are an agricultural people, and all of them plant a little farm;
this year they 
planted much more than they have ever before, and their crops look fine;
there will be an 
abundance. It is impossible for me to arrive at the amount in acres, even
approximately. 
They have planted in patches, and for miles in every direction; hence I am
unable to estimate 
the amount of their products, for they are not yet gathered. Their peach-crop
will be large, 
and, as they dry them, the whole crop will be gathered and cared for. 
Heretofore the agent for these Indians has lived in Fort Defiance, Wingate,
or Santa Fe, 
making visits about every three months. Within the past year I have erected
a good 
agency-house, with funds provided by the Department, near the Indians, and
have been 
living among them with my family for more than two months. This residence
of the agent 
among them will tend to good results. I inclose with this the blank filled
out; many of the 
questions I am unable to answer approximately even. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
W. S. DEFREES, 
United States Indian Agent for Moqui-Pueblo Indians. 
ion. E. P. SMITHI, 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. 
AGENCY PAPAGO INDIANS, 
Tucson, Arizona, September 15, 1874. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit this my fourth annual report, showing the
condition of 
the agency under my charge. 
It is particularly pleasant to be able to speak of the very marked change
which has taken 
place in the character and condition of these Indians during the past few
years. At the 
time I assumed the duties of this office, I found them in a condition which,
if left to them- 
selves, would hardly have admitted of improvement for years to come. They
were alone, 
as it were, for no agent had ever been sent them by Government, and the only
knowledge 
they had that our Government knew of their existence was through the different
agents sent 


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