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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

Information, with historical and statistical statements, relative to the different tribes and their agencies,   pp. 23-[84] PDF (29.5 MB)


Page 26

26     REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
The tribe has as yet shown little interest in education, and the attend-
ance in the two schools is very small. These Indians have carried on 
quite an extensive lumbering operation during the past winter, the 
work being done entirely by themselves, under the direction of the 
agency miller. The logs, if sold at a fair price, will net over $8 per 
thousand stumpage, which is fully twice its market value. The advan- 
tage of thus allowing the Indians to cut and market their own pine, 
whenever feasible, over any other disposition by contract or otherwise 
needs no further comftient. 
The Stockbridges, with the remnant of the ]Ifunsees, occupy a reser- 
vation of 11,520 acres joining the southwest township of the Menomonee 
reservation. The rest of their land, with its valuable pine, was sold by
act of Congress of February 6, 1871, for about $200,000. They number 
241, of whom not over half a dozen are Munsees. They formerly lived 
in Massachusetts and New York, and were removed in 1857 from fertile 
lands, where they had good farms and were rapidly becoming worthy of 
citizenship, to their present reserve, on which no white man could obtain
a comfortable livelihood by farming. They are now divided into two 
factions, known as the "citizen" and "4 Indian" parties.
The former 
have lived off from the reservation for the past twelve years. They have
but little communication with the other half of the tribe, but still hold
their rights in the tribal property. In the enrollment of this tribe, com-
pleted during the year, in accordance with the act of Congress of Feb- 
ruary 6, 1871, 140 decided to become citizens, and 11 decided to 
remain Indians. The citizen class are now receiving their per capita 
share of the tribal property, amounting to $672.71 each. This is subject,
however, to revision, and must not be taken as final. The school has 
been well attended, and the scholars havemadevery satisfactory progress.
The sale of intoxicating liquors to Indians in this agency, especially 
to the Oneidas, has been materially checked. Agent Chase reports as 
follows: 
By my own efforts, principally, eleven persons have been indicted for selling
whisky to 
Indians. Three of them have not been arrested by the United States marshal.
Most 
of the others pleaded guilty and were imprisoned one day, and fined $100.
The extreme 
penalty is two years' imprisonment and $300 fine, and 1 think there should
be a mini- 
mum penalty of not less than three months and $100. Public opinion, as reflected
by 
the grand and petit juries, would sustain it. The conduct of the district
attorney has 
discouraged me very much. At one time he positively refused to bring two
good 
cases before the grand jury; he has allowed prisoners to go at liberty on
their own 
recognizance, and has been unwilling to ask for any heavier penalty than
has been in- 
flicted. 
Because of the apparent determination of the district attorney not to prosecute
whisky cases vigorously, I have made no effort to obtain new ones for several
months. 
Tobias Murray, indicted in January for furnishing liquor to two Menomonees,
one of 
whom killed the other, has not been arrested by the marshal. 
LA POINTE AGENc.-The 4,919 Chippewas belonging to this agency 
are located at seven different points in Minnesota and Wisconsin. 
A band of 660 Chippewas has a reservation of 13,871 acres at ReJ 
Cliff; three miles north of Bayfield, Wis. They wear citizens' dress, 
have small, well-tended gardens, live in houses, send their children to 
school, and are glad to labor for fair wages. Ten have served as ap- 
prentices at the coopers' trade, and over 1,000 fish-barrels have been 
manufactured during the year. These find a ready market at fair rates, 
and the introduction of this industry promises to be an important source
of revenue to these Indians. They have also gotten out 100 cords of 
hemlock bark for tanning purposes, and although, owing to high 
freights and a dull market, no profit has been realized therefr'om this 
season, it is still hoped that a profitable trade in this article may be
estab- 


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