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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

Legislation recommended,   pp. 20-22 PDF (1.2 MB)


Page 21

REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS.         21 
$30,868.87 was paid out of the appropriation for this purpose at the last
session of Congress. The Winnebagoes consented to this purchase in 
accordance with the provisions ofthe act making the appropriation, and 
I recommend that Congress be asked to confirm said purchase. 
Ottawas and Chippewas of ichigan.-By the treaty of July 31, 1855, 
land embracing about twenty-four full townships, situated in the west- 
ern and northern portion of the lower peninsula and southern portion 
of the upper peninsula of Michigan, was withdrawn from sale for the 
benefit of these Indians. Provision was made in said treaty for the 
selection of land by said Indians (40 acres to a single person over twen-
ty-one years of age and 80 acres to the head of a family) and the issue of
patents therefor. Selections were made, and 1,297 patents, under date 
of October 22, 1870, and November 21, 1872, were issued and delivered 
to the members of said tribe. By an act of Congress approved June 10, 
1872, provision was made for homestead entries by said Indians who 
had not made selections or purchases under said treaty, or had become 
of age since the expiration of the ten years named in the treaty, on any
of the unoccupied lands on said reserve and their restoration to market 
six months after the passage of said act. It having been ascertained that
quite a number of said Indians had made selections of land and held 
certificates for the 'same under the treaty of 1855, and had not secured
)atents, an investigation was ordered by the Department, and it was 
found that 317 Indians were entitled to patetits for land under said treaty
A bill was prepared recommending the passage of a law authorizing the 
issue of patents to the 317 Indians found entitled, and the restoration of
the remainder of the undisposed portion of said reserve to market. This 
bill, with some amendments relative to restoration to market, passed the
Senate, but was not reached in the House, and failed to become a law 
tt the last session of Congress. It appears from reports on file in this
Office that most of these Indians are bona-fide settlers, having made the
selections many years ago, and improved the same, and I recommend 
the passage of the bill prepared by this Office and sent to the Depart- 
ment under date of January 15, 1874. These Indians, relying upon the 
promises of the Government-as evinced by their certificates for land- 
refused to go to the expense of availing themselves of the benefits of 
the act of June 10, 1872, and unless the bill referred to should become a
law, or something equivalent thereto, they will not receive a title to the
and to which they are entitled under treaty stipulations. 
"Siletz and Alsea -Indian reserrations in Oregon.-A treaty was made
'August 11, 1855, with the Indians of Oregon residing west of the 
Cascade Mountains, by which a tract of country along the Pacific 
Ioast was reserved to them as a permanent home. This treaty was 
viever ratified by Congress. The President, under date of November 
9. 1855, issued an order setting apart the "Coast Range Indian reser-
vation" for the use and occupation of these Indians, which reservation
was subsequently reduced by the restoration of a portion thereof to 
the public domain, by executive order, dated December 21, 1865, and 
as it now stands, is separated into two parts by an intervening strip 
which has been restored to the public lands. The northern portion 
is now known as the Siletz Indian reservation, the other as the Al- 
sea Indian reservation. These reservations require attention by Con- 
gress to provide a permanent home for these Indians, and for mak- 
ing allotments of land to them. They have already evinced a desire 
for agricultural pursuits, but owing to the tenure of their reservations,
this Office is not fully authorized to take steps for segregating the lands
I 


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