University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1865

Oregon superintendency,   pp. 101-109 PDF (3.8 MB)

Page 104

to make peace, if he could have protection. As soon as the snow will per-
mit me to cross the mountains, I shall go, in accordance with your instruc-
tions of October 24 last, to that country, and endeavor by means of a treaty
to put a stop to the horrid state of war which has existed there for several
years past. 
I confidently hope to be able to report before next summer an end of hos-
tilities and the opening of that rich mineral country to exploration and
In closing this lengthy report, I feel it my duty, as well as pleasure, to
that the assistance I received from Dr. XV, . C. Mckay and Captain Lindsay
Applegate, who acted as counsellors and interpreters to the Indians, Lieu-
tenant Halloran, of the 1st W. T. infantry, who commanded the small mili-
tary escort, and Captain Kelly and Lieutenant Underwood, stationed at Fort
Klamath, was very valuable to the expedition, and aided much in producing
its favorable results. 
The treaty is herewith transmitted. 
I have the honor to be, vory respectfully, your obedient servant, 
Superintendent Indian Afairs in Oregon. 
Hon. Wi. P. DOLE, 
Commissioner, &c., Washington, D. C. 
Brief of treaty with Klamath and illodoc Indians of Soethern Oregon of 
October 15, 1864. 
ARTICLE 1. Cedes all right, title, and claim to a tract commencing where
the forty-fourth parallel crosses the summit of the Cascade mountains; thence
southward, on the dividing ridge, to the point where the rivers flowing south
and west separate from those flowing northward; thence along the dividing
ridge across into California to the south end of Goose lake; thence north-
east to the north end of Henley lake; thence north to the forty-fourth paral-
lel, and west to place of beginning; reserving for a place of residence for
the Indians a small tract lying along the Upper and Middle Klamath lakes,
the Indians to remove to the reservation immediately on the ratification
the treaty, and remain there. No whites except government officers and 
employes to be allowed to remain upon the reservation. Right of way across
it reserved for public roads and railroads 
ARTICLE II. The United States to pay $8,000 per annum, for five years, be-
ginning when the treaty is ratified; $5,000 per annum for next five years;
$3,000 per annum for next five years. These sums to be expended for the 
benefit of the Indians under direction of the President. 
ARTICLE III. The United States to pay $35,000 for such articles as may be
advanced to the Indians at the time of signing the treaty, and for subsist-
ence, teams, clothing, &c., for first year. 
ARTICLE IV. The United States to erect, as soon as practicable after the
ratification, a saw-mill, flour-mill, mechanic's shop, school buildings,
&c., to 
be kept in repair for twenty years, and to furnish material for the mills
shops for the same time. 
ARTICLE V. The United States to furnish a superintendent of farming, 
farmer, blacksmith, sawyer, carpenter, and wagon-maker for fifteen years,
and a physician, miller, and two teachers for twenty years. 
ARTICLE VI. The United States may cause part of the reservation to be 
surveyed and allotted in severalty, without power of alienation. 

Go up to Top of Page