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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1865

Washington superintendency,   pp. 67-101 PDF (14.8 MB)

Page 72

things, and report. And I take pleasure in including his among the other
reports herewith communicated. 
The state of affairs among the Yakama Indians is of a very flattering char-
acter, as the report of the agent and employes there abundantly show. 
The reservation belonging, to these Indians has some advantages over 
other reservations; the situation is remote from business centres, and away
from many corrupting influences which are more proximate to other reserva-
tions. And what is best of all, the agents and all the employgs seem to be
actuated by a high motive to accomplish the good of the Indians. I believe
they are religiously and honestly seeking the improvement of the race in
knowledge, in morals, in Christian faith, and in all the arts of good living;
and I believe that if the same spirit continues to animate and actuate the
service there, that it will never be said of the Yakama nation that they
doomed to extermination, or that efforts for their elevation to the immunities
of Christian civilization are unavailing. 
All which is respectfully submitted by your humble servant, 
Superintendent Indian Affairs, W. T. 
H~on. D. N. COOLEY, 
Commissioner of Indian Agairs, Washington, D. C. 
No. 2. 
TULALIP, W. T. August 1, 1865. 
SIR: I have the honor herewith to enclose you my annual report for 1865,
and such other reports'of employes as I deem of interest. The Indians during
the past year have been peaceable towards the whites; nothing has occurred
to disturb the harmony among the whites and Indians, except some few 
murders on both sides. During last fall the Indians murdered Mr. Castro and
wife, and another man near Seattle. The guilty parties were killed at the
time by a friendly Indian. These murders were brought on by the parties 
themselves furnishing the Indians with whiskey. Murders have been com- 
mitted on the Indians by white men, both cold-blooded and cowardly, and in
no instance with sufficient reason. The courts have been appealed to for
redress, but I believe in no instance has any redress been given. In some
instances the grand jury have failed to find a bill, and in others a petit
could not be obtained on account of the prejudice of the people against the
Indians. Nearly all of- the difficulties grow out of giving the Indians whis-
key, or white men cohabiting with their women, of which class there is a
The Indians are fast being depleted in numbers by sickness. They show 
more disposition than formerly to live on their reservations and cultivate
soil. The reservation at Fort Madison and the Swidamish: nothing has been
done on them by the government during the past year. The Indians have 
planted a small amount of potatoes. The Indians on the two. reservations
should have an employe with them to instruct them in farming, &c. There
can be no property accumulated on these reservations without an employe 
on them to look after the property. This complaint has been so often re-
peated that I despair of procuring for these Indians what they are justly
titled to. A portion of the Indians belonging to the Fort Madison reserva-
tion now live on Black river, which was their place of residence at the time
of the making of the treaty. These Indians desire a reservation at this point,
but under the treaty there is no provision to that effect; but in justice
these Indians they should be paid for their improvements, which would satisfy
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