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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1863

Extract from the report of the secretary of the Interior relative to the report of the commissioner of Indian affairs,   pp. [3]-4 PDF (704.2 KB)

Page 4

the Indian service, whether we are to be guided by the principles of justice
humanity, or economy, must be manifest to all. 
Particular attention is also invited to the condition of Indian affairs in
fornia. That State has hitherto been divided into two districts-the northern
and the southern-each under the charge of a superintending agent. There is
no good reason for continuing this arrangement, and on the score of economy
alone it ought to be abolished, and our Indian relations throughout the State
placed under the control of one superintendent. 
The good of the service and the future welfare of the Indians also imper-
atively demand the establishment of two reservations in the northern part
of the 
State-one near the coast, and the other in the interior-of sufficient extent
the accommodation of all the Indians in what is now designated as the northern
district, and at least one suitable reservation for those in the southern
portion of 
the State. The necessity for these different reservations arises from the
dissimilarity that exists in the habits and customs of the several tril3es
for whom 
they are intended. 
The hostility of the powerful tribes of the Apaches and Navajoes, mainly
located in New Mexico and Arizona, is such, that for the present their manage-
ment mu~t be left chiefly to the military branch of the government; but measures
should be promptly taken for the establishment of suitable reservations for
other Indians in those Territories, and for those now in hostility to the
States, whenever they shall have been properly subdued. 
-4   The unfortunate result of the effort made last spring to return the
Cherokees to their homes has largely added to the number of refugees, and
greatly increased the expense of their subsistence. This, together with the
vance in the prices of clothing and provisions, has so augmented the expense
providing for them as to exhaust the funds set apart for that purpose, and
ders a further appropriation necessary. It is doubtful whether the supplies
needed could, even now, be forwarded in time to prevent much suffering, and
hence the importance of as early action by Congress in the premises as may
The able report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs will be foupd to be
replete with interesting facts and judicious suggestions on the subjects
to which 
it relates. 

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