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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1856
([1856])

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs,   pp. [3]-24 PDF (10.1 MB)


Page 4

4                       REPORT OF THE 
Indian having a house and residing in it, has been supplied with a 
good cooking stove and the usual cooking utensils, a table, bureau, 
chairs, bedstead, looking-glass, and many smaller articles for house- 
hold use. The effect of this policy is quite perceptible and salutary, 
and has stimulated many to erect and provide for erecting new houses 
at Bad river and several other places. Certificates have been issued 
to all the half-breeds who, by the provisions of the recent treaty, are 
entitled to land, which, if respected at the land offices, will serve to
secure to each of them the quantity to which they are entitled, and 
which they may designate from any of the public domain not other- 
wise appropriated. 
In addition to those among the Indians of Michigan proper, schools 
are now maintained at L'Anse, Bad river, Lapointe, and Grand Port- 
age, all among the Chippewas of Lake Superior. 
The extended area of country embraced within the Michigan agency 
renders it impossible for the agent to devote as much time to the 
Indians under his charge as is absolutely necessary. There is ample 
business for two agents, and with two faithful men to aid them in 
making most available the liberal provisions of the recent treaties, 
much for their good may be accomplished. They are prepared to take 
advice and receive instruction. 
The jurisdiction of the northern superintendency has been extended 
over the Indians of Minnesota, the Oneida, Stockbridge and Meno- 
monee tribes in Wisconsin still remaining within its limits. 
The condition of the Oneidas of Wisconsin has changed but little 
since last year ; and no event of importance has occurred among them, 
except the murder of one of the chiefs, by a member of the tribe. 
This event has produced much excitement, and has caused apprehen- 
sions of serious disturbances. The murder was committed under the 
influence of intoxicating liquor, 
Under the operations of the treaty of February 15, 1856, between 
the Stockbridge and Munsee Indians and the government, it is to be 
expected that the Stockbridge difficulties, which for a number of years 
past have been a source of trouble and vexation, will soon be termi- 
nated. An arrangement has been made, by which a tract of land on 
the west end of the Menomonee reservation has been selected for a 
permanent home for the Stockbridges and Munsees. Some of these 
Indians have already commenced to build themselves houses at their 
new location, and measures have been taken to insure the final re- 
moval of all of them, as soon as this can be prudently and properly 
effected. It is to be hoped that any factious opposition which may 
manifest itself amorig a few of these Indians, may meet with no en- 
couragement, either in Wisconsin or elsewhere. The necessity of the 
case, and the interests of the Indians, require that they should remove 
from their present location at Stockbridge without delay. 
The advancement of the Menomonees is constant and steady. Al- 
though obstacles have been thrown in t.he way of these Indians and 
the vicious and unscrupulous have endeavored to thwart all the efforts 
made for their improvement, and the grasping avarice of unprincipled 
white men in seeking to obtain their property, in defiance of justice 
and right, has rendered them somewhat restless and uneasy ; yet, 


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