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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

[Indians of the territory of Utah],   pp. 195-206 PDF (5.2 MB)

Page 200

knowledged the young ones had been stealing, but he would make 
them quit it. I then proposed that they give up the horses they had 
stolen, but I could not prevail on them to do that. I then proposed 
buying their horses, but only succeeded in getting two, for which I 
had to pay pretty high. I lectured them severely on the course they 
had been pursuing, and they appeared to feel it smartly, and promised 
to quit stealing and go south to hunt. We met another band of 
thirty or forty at the sink of Deep Creek, who said they had been to 
the settlements, and appeared very peaceable and quiet. We gave 
them some presents and passed on. We returned to this city on the 
22d day of August, and, as you are aware, were visited on the 24th 
by a band of the Shoshonees, or Snakes proper, under a chief by the 
name of Ti-ba-bo-en-dwart-sa, (white man's friend,) numbering in all 
about three hundred, who had come to this place, according to pre- 
vious arrangements with the Utahs, for the purpose of holding a 
treaty with them. And in compliance with your instructions I se- 
lected camping ground, and supplied them with provisions, fuel, and 
some hay for their horses. In a few days they were joined by the 
Utahs and Cuniumhahs, making in all about five hundred souls ; and 
as my expenditures in presents and provisions to them were larger 
than may be anticipated, it may be necessary to state the rea- 
sons which induced me to make them. It was well understood among 
the Indians of this Territory, as early as last spring, that large ap- 
propriations had been made by Congress for the purpose of making 
presents to and treaties with them. I am not prepared to say how 
they came in possession of these facts, but they had been looking for 
something to be done in this way all summer. I perceived that their 
expectations were up, and that there was no way to avoid making 
these presents without serious disappointment. The season was pas- 
sing away and the Indians were anxious to know why these presents 
did not come. The Snakes complained that they had permitted the 
white people to make roads through all their lands and travel upon 
em in safety, use the grass and drink the water, and had never 
received anything for it, all though the tribes around them had been 
getting presents. Under these circumstances, I saw no way to retain 
their confidence but to meet these expectations. And as they have 
succeeded in making peace among themselves, and renewed their 
pledges of friendship to the whites, we have reason to hope that har- 
mony will prevail for a season. 
Early last spring I was induced to think that some of the Utahs 
and Poh-bantes could be taught to farm and to appreciate the advant- 
ages of'agriculture. I, therefore, had land marked off for them, and 
designated suitable persons to instruct them how to work. Mr. Jere- 
miah Hatch, of Nephi, in his report of June last, sent in the names 
of about thirty who had set in to work; but many of them were des- 
titute of anything to subsist upon, and hunger had forced them to 
leave the farm and go to the mountains to hunt, or to the creeks to 
fish. Owing to the great blight, in consequence of the grasshoppers, 
our farms have produced but little to show for the amount of labor be- 
stowed upon them. 
The accounts of Messrs. Hatch, McEwen, and Boyce have been 

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