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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

[Indians of Washington and Oregon territories],   pp. 192-195 PDF (1.5 MB)

[Indians of the territory of Utah],   pp. 195-206 PDF (5.2 MB)

Page 195

morning, as it is doubtful whether he can reach camp, starting so late 
in the day. Do not fail to retain in custody Turn E Tas. 
It might be well, if practicable, for you to come up, that we might 
jointly adopt measures to prevent a combination of the various tribes. 
A defeat in our first engagement with these bands would undoubtedly 
swell their numbers one hundred per cent., and I feel a good deal of 
solicitation on that account. 
Major Haller's command are mostly recruits, but in a fair fight they 
will be able for three times their number. I am of opinion they may, 
at the start, bring into the field five hundred warriors, and if our 
troops should be repulsed we may expect a protracted war. 
In haste, I am, sir, respectfully yours, 
Superintendent Indian Affairs. 
Captain CAIN, Indian Agent, 
Vancouver, Washington Territory. 
No. 99. 
Utah Territory, Great Salt Lake City, September 29, 1855. 
SIR: It gives me great pleasure to inform you of the steadily in- 
creasing success of the pacific policy, which you so properly and ably 
direct and advocate should be invariably pursued towards the red men, 
most wisely considering their degraded and ignorant condition, and 
advocating a course not only the least expensive to the general gov- 
ernment, but the only one that promises any success in ameliorating 
the circumstances of a race who have long been a prey and enigma to 
their brethren, the whites. 
As an incontestible proof of the last assertion, and an argument 
which you can use without fear of successful contradiction, the natives 
within Utah's borders are universally at peace among themselves, also 
with their white neighbors and the passing travellers; have begun to 
bend their unwilling backs to the useful toil of the laborer and hus- 
bandman, and realize the benefits thereof; and all this has been ac- 
complished at far less expense than has ever been incurred under any- 
thing like similar circumstances. The force of this comparison, and 
the small amount disbursed for the attainment of such rapid beneficial 
and flattering results, will be readily appreciated by yourself and by 
all who are in the least familiar with the great number of numerous, 
wild, and unusually degraded tribes claiming this Territory for their 
home, few of whom, until quite recently, had ever seen the abodes of 
True, the cheap rates at which these results have been attained have 
to be debited with the large amount of expense to our population ac- 
cruing through the begging and thefts of the original settlers; yet, 
with this sum added, I am sanguine in the belief that Utah would 
compare much to her credit, in expenditures and results, by the side 

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