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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

[Michigan Indians],   pp. 27-39 PDF (5.1 MB)

Page 36

is all important to their becoming good members of society and useful 
citizens of the State. We, therefore, carefully teach them the truths 
of the benign religion of the Saviour, and it is to be hoped the youth 
who go forth from the institution will be qualified to advance in the 
path of civilization and improvement. 
The Indians of this region have large crops of corn and potatoes. 
They wil  have a large surplus for sale. 
They are, with a few exceptions, making steady improvement; en- 
larging their fields and improving their buildings, becoming more 
industrious and more virtuous. 
The chief exceptions are a few who linger on the reservation, where 
they find access to liquor, furnished by white men located along the 
shore. The sooner every family is required to remove and reside on 
their own lands the better for them; and this could easily be effected 
by withholding annuities from those who wander about idle and in- 
temperate. The sooner, I think, the reservation is thrown in market, 
the sooner the community will see to having the law enforced against 
those who disturb the peace and good order of society by their illicit 
traffic in intoxicating drink. The Indians in this region are well 
pleased with the provisions made for them in the treaty recently con- 
eluded at Detroit. They are busy selecting their lands, and if they 
wisely improve their present advantages they have ample means of 
permanent prosperity. 
Most respectfully, your obedient servant, 
No. 4. 
SAULT STE. MARIE, September 26, 1855. 
DEAR SIR: I herewith respectfully submit to you the following short 
report of the missionary Indian schools under my charge. 
At Sault Ste. Marie we have two schools, of which that of the boys 
is very numerous, amounting to 103 boys and young men who are 
benefited by this school. They are not, indeed, all Indians ; but some 
are, and many of them are half-breeds, participating in the treaty 
payment. They are taught all the branches of a common English 
education by Adrian Lacoste. Our girl school is not quite so numer- 
ous ; it amounts only to 41 girls, mostly half-breeds. They are regu- 
larly taught by Miss Mary R. Le Bihan, who is assisted by Miss Ann 
Our school at Mackinac is not taught separately, but boys and girls 
are taught in the same room and by the same person. Many of the 
pupils of this school, who amount to about 50, are half-breeds and 
included in the treaty payment. They are taught the usual branches 
of a common English education by Miss Martha A. Tanner. 
The pupils of our school at Point St. Ignace are all Indians or half- 

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