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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1855

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs,   pp. [1]-21 PDF (9.4 MB)

Page 2

The Oneidas, in Wisconsin, are generally in the same prospering 
condition as indicated heretofore. Some of their young men have, 
however, been induced to abandon agricultural pursuits and their 
reservation, and have thus been thrown in the way of bad influences. 
It is to be hoped that they will listen to the admonitions they have 
recently received on this subject, and cease pursuits and practices so 
likely to injure and destroy them. 
Congress inserted a clause in the last general appropriation bill to 
euable the President to treat with and arrange the difficulties among 
the Stockbridges and Munsee Indians in the State of Wisconsin, and 
also to arrange their business with the United States, in such way as 
to do justice to the Indians, the settlers on the reserve and the govern-
ment; and thus relieve the questions involved from the complication 
and embarrassment surrounding them. The late Commissioner of 
the General Land Office, by your direction, was instructed to join the 
Superintendent of Indian Affairs at Lake Winnebago, in order that 
his knowledge of our land system might be made available in the ne- 
gotiations to take place, and the settlement, if possible, of the various
and delicate questions involved. A supplemental treaty was made 
with the Indians on the first day of June, which was transmitted here 
on the fifth day of that month, by the superintendent, with a notifi- 
cation that in his opinion it ought not to be submitted to the Senate. 
In the report of Mr. Wilson, afterwards received, the same opinion 
was expressed, and by your direction the subject has been referred 
back to the superintendent and the Indians. 
The Brothertons reside on Lake Winnebago, adjacent to the 
Stockbridges, and have to some extent been affected by the strife and 
bitter feelings existing among their neighbors. Beyond this they 
seem to be living comfortably, and are in the enjoyment of all the 
privileges accorded to the citizens of the State of Wisconsin. 
T' By the treaty concluded September 30, 1854, between the United 
States and the Chippewa Indians of Lake Superior and the Missis- 
sippi, an arrangement was effected with those Indians, as to their 
distinctive rights to lands claimed by each, on Lake Superior and the 
Mississippi river, and the country intervening. A cession was also 
obtained of a large and, from its supposed mineral resources, valuable 
district of country from the Indians of Lake Superior, and the rela- 
tive interests of each in the stipulations of former treaties were 
fully set forth and satisfactorily adjusted. An important feature in 
this the setting aparttof certain designated tracts of land for
the occupancy of various bands of these people, with a view to the 
cultivation of the soil and, prospectively, to a transfer of the same 
to them in severalty. These Indians can, with proper efforts, it is 
believed, be made an industrious and civilized people. They reside 
in what is called the northern peninsula of Michigan, and the north- 
western portion of the State of Wisconsin, and between Saint Louis 
river and the British line in Minnesota, and I regard it as creditable 
to the people of the States alluded to, that they have not interposed 
-any objection, but, on the contrary, have seemed willing that the 
Indians might be permitted to remain within the limits of the respect- 
ive States.  The necessary steps are in progress to define the 

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