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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the years 1921-1932

Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for fiscal year ended June 30, 1925,   pp. [unnumbered]-56 PDF (24.0 MB)

Page 2

with the Indian children with a definite health program. In the 
course given the value of health habits to be acquired in early life 
is emphasized, and stress is placed upon average habits-such habits 
as can be adopted by the average pupil and carried over into the 
realm of character. 
CHILD HEALTH DAY.---The 1St day of May has been set aside as 
Child Health Day for the whole country. The Indian Service will 
observe it in all of its schools. Secretary Herbert Hoover, of the 
Department of Commerce, has written into the literature of this 
day a preamble to the child's bill of health, as follows: 
"The purpose of the May Day celebration is to force attention 
upon our most precious material asset-our children. The tie be- 
tween the child and all adult life is at once the strongest and the 
gentlest in human nature. Greater sacrifices are made for children 
than for ourselves; greater happiness is derived from these sacri- 
fices than from all the triumphs that personal success can bring. 
Our daily labors, whether in the home or in the outside world of 
competition for material things, or even in the search for culture 
and for spiritual advancement, derive largely from the conscious 
or unconscious impulse to cherish the child and to hold the child's 
affection and respect. 
"Lest in the hurry and strain of life we should ever forget these 
obligations, it is well for us to recall the child's bill of rights, which
may be expressed as follows: 
"The ideal to which we should strive is that there should be no 
child in America that has not been born under proper conditions, 
that does not live in hygienic surroundings, that ever suffers from 
undernutrition, that does not have prompt and efficient medical'at- 
tention and inspection, that does not receive primary instruction in 
the elements of hygiene and good health." 
EPIDEXMICs.-The year to which this report pertains could be desig- 
nated as'a year of epidemics. Not since the fiscal year which ended 
June 30,I1919, have there been so many cases of influenza. Besides 
influenza there have been epidemics of smallpox, measles, scarlet 
fever, numps, and chicken pox. The population of many reserva- 
tions and schools have been invaded, some of them being attacked by 
several of the epidemics in rapid: succession or simultaneously. One 
case of typhus was reported from a school in Arizona. Although 
the year has not been a normal one, there has been an excess of births 
over deaths and consequently an increase in population, 
GENERAL DSEASES. -Indians have the same diseases as other people 
and possess no racial immunity from any class of diseases; however, 
there are fewer cases of cancer, typhoid fever, diabetes, Bright's 
disease, and cardiovascular disease, according to population, than 
among the white races. This is also true of pneumonia, except per- 
haps in years characterized by measles and influenza epidemics, 
when there is always an increase in the number of cases and deaths 
from this disease. Although the Indian Medical Service has to con- 
tend with all diseases that= are common to the country, its most 
formidable problems continue to be tuberculosis and trachoma. 
STUBERCUTLOSIS.-The conditions in .the Indian Service with respect 
to tuberculosis are gradually improving. Improvement among the 
Rosebud Sioux in consequence of the program for the prevention and 
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