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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the years 1921-1932

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the fiscal year ended June 2, 1921,   pp. [1]-69 ff. PDF (26.8 MB)

Page 32

to investigate thoroughly all Pueblo Indian titles, including the 
original grants, surveys, history of individual holdings, dispates 
concerning water rights, and in fact to make a comprehensive report 
upon which can be based a request for legislation, if the same is 
deemed necessary, which will give justice to the Indians or the 
Congress has enacted legislation providing for certain Indian 
tribes to take alleged valuable claims against the Government to the 
Court of Claims for adjudication. 
Under the jurisdictional act of May 26, 1920 (41 Stat. L., 623), 
the Indians of the Klamath Reservation, Oreg., have had several 
councils, but the matter of selecting a suitable tribal attorney or 
firm of attorneys to present their claims to the court has not as yet 
been definitely settled. 
Under-the act of June 3, 1920 (41 Stat. L., 623), authorizing 
the Sioux tribes to have their claims heard by the Court of Claims, 
a council of delegates from each of the bands of the Sioux was held 
December 15 17, 1920, at Fort Thompson, S. Dak., on the Crow 
Creek Reservation, which submitted the names of several attorneys. 
The firm of Messrs. Hughes, Rounds, Schurman & Dwight, of New 
York City, was authorized to enter into contract with these Indians, 
which contract was approved. February 25, 1921. 
Subsequently Hon. Charles E. Hughes, who had become Secre- 
tary of State, withdrew from the fir', which was then reorganized 
under the name of Rounds, Schurman & Dwight. 
At a conference held witli the Sioux tribal delegates June 22, 1921, 
at Omaha, Nebr., the representatives of the law firm mentioned 
notified the Indians that they desired-to withdraw from the case and 
have their contract canceled. 
Considerable work has already been accomplished toward ob- 
taining evidence on behalf of the "Indians, and upon the selection of
other attorneys and the completion of -a new contract with these 
tribes the work of formally presenting their claims to-the Court of 
Claims will be pushed. 
The national prohibition act has made it more difficult for In- 
dians to obtain intoxicating liquor, and the resulting benefit to them 
will no doubt be augmented as the enforcing machinery of the gen- 
eral prohibitory legislation becomes more effective. As yet, how- 
ever, the protection of the Indians from intoxicants is largely a 
problem distinct from national prohibition and is in need of direct 
attention from this service. Such attention has been. given to the 
fullest extent practicable under appropriations by Congress for that 
purpose, which for some time past have been materially reduced 
each year. The appropriation for the fiscal year 1919 was $150,000, 
for the current year $35,000. Such special officers and facilities as 
can be provided are distributed in localities where violations of law 
are most persistent, and prosecutions are found to be principally 
necessary against bootleggers and moonshine stills. This work is 
always more successful where full support is given to the Indian 
Service by the local and State officials. 

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