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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the years 1921-1932
([1921-1932])

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the fiscal year ended June 2, 1921,   pp. [1]-69 ff. PDF (26.8 MB)


Page 30

COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
The steady expansion in timber sales on Indian reservations dur- 
ing the past decade has resulted in the receipt of an income that has 
enabled the service to establish the Indians in various enterprises 
on the Flathead, Fort Apache, Jicarilla, Klamath, Menominee, Mes- 
calero, Red Lake, Tulalip, and other reservations of incalculable 
value to the advancement of the Indians industrially, socially, and 
morally. 
RAILROADS AND HIGHWAYS. 
During the year no important railroad right of way has been ap- 
plied for or granted. However, the local and State highway author- 
ities have continued their activities in providing new and improved 
roads across Indian lands, and approximately 80 permits for the 
opening of such roads have been issued. 
Several applications for water-power sites are pending before the 
Federal Water Power Commission under -the act of June 10, 1920 
(41 Stat. L., 1063), but no projects of importance affecting Indian 
lands have as yet been approved. 
ROADS AND BRIDGES. 
Good roads constitute one of the most important factors of prog- 
ress among the Indians as well as the whites. Congress makes no 
general appropriation for work of this nature on the Indian reser- 
vations. It therefore becomes necessary to draw upon our regular 
appropriations for the support and civilization of the Indians, except 
in the comparatively few cases where specified appropriations have 
been made for particular reservations. Such appropriations were 
available during the year, as follows: For roads on the Hoopa Valley 
Reservation, Calif., $10,500; the San Juan Reservation. N. Mex., 
$11,000; and the Taholah Reservation, Wash., $17,025; for bridges 
on the Leupp Reservation, Ariz., $3,500; the Blackfeet Reservation. 
Mont., $10,000; and the Cheyenne River Reservation, S. Dak., $25,000 i 
and for roads and, bridges on the Red Lake Reservation, Minn., 
$10.000; the Pine Ridge Reservation, S. Dak., $25,000; and the Sho- 
shone Reservation, Wyo., $25,000; a total for all purposes of $137,025. 
The two bridges near the Leupp Agency, Ariz., for which appro- 
priations were made two years ago (one across the Canyon Diablo, 
and the other across the Little Colorado River), were completed dur- 
ing the year. The appropriation of $10.500 on the Hoopa Valley Res- 
ervation, Calif., was for continuing work on the road from Hoopa to, 
Weitchpec which was begun several years ago. It is expected that 
this work will be completed during the present year. It will open 
up a hitherto almost inaccessible country and connect with the county 
road system off the reservation. The appropriation'of $11,000, at 
San Juan, N. Mex., was for the completion of the highway from 
Gallup to the Mesa Verde National Park across the Navajo and San 
Juan Reservations. This road has been completed. The appropria- 
tion of $25,000, at Cheyenne River, S. Dak., was to cover our part 
of the cost of a bridge across the river of that name in conjunction 
with the Bureau of Public Roads and the State highway commission 
under the Federal aid road act, the total cost being approximately 
$119,000. 
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