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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the years 1921-1932

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the fiscal year ended June 2, 1921,   pp. [1]-69 ff. PDF (26.8 MB)

Page 23

of applications made by Indian wives, heretofore rejected, have been 
reinstated and approved. 
LANDS.-During the year many applications for appraisement and 
reappraisement of surplus reservation areas, subject to homestead 
disposition, were made under authority of the act of June 6, 1912 
(37 Stat., 125). 
EXTENSION OF TRUST PERIOD.-The period of trust was extended by 
order of the President on allotments made to the Chippewa Indians 
of the Fond du Lac Reservation, Minn., to the Pala and Sycuan 
Mission Indians of California, to the Kickapoo Indians in Kansas, 
and to the Indians of various tribes residing on the public domain, 
wherein the period of trust would otherwise expire during the cal- 
endar year 1921. An order was also obtained extending the period 
of trust on land patented to the Agua Caliente Band of Indians in 
California, which would otherwise have expired during the year 1921. 
THE OMA-A CASES.-By a decree of the United States Supreme 
Court April 11, 1921, in the Omaha allotment cases, the decree of the 
Circuit Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit, was affirmed. The court 
held, in effect, that Hiram Chase, jr., Mary Gilpin, and other appli- 
cants, are not entitled to allotments of land on the .Omaha Reserva- 
tion under the provisions of the act of March 3, 1893 (27 Stat., 630). 
This decision opens the way for carrying into effect the provisions 
of the act of May 11, 1912 (37 Stat., 111). 
'From the foregoing it will be seen that work in progress and largely 
completed during the year covered more than 7,000 allotments and a 
landed area of nearly a million acres. This kind of development is 
of special importance and should be extended as rapidly as consti- 
ON 4  tuted facilities will permit, because there is nothing better for the
average Indian, as there are few things better for most men, than to 
own enough land to provide a settled homestead that will yield, if need 
be, through the owner's labor the means of self-support. 
During the year there were issued to competent Indians 1,692 pat- 
ents in fee, and sales were approved to purchasers of Indian lands 
covering 1,268 tracts containing 135,893 acres, in which patents were 
to be issued. 
Certificates of competency were issued for 451 tracts containing 
128,350 acres, and restrictions were removed from 42 tracts contain- 
ing 1,850 acres. 
In issuing patents in fee to Indians many were issued under the 
so-called "declaration of policy" to Indians of one-half or less
Indian blood without any further proof of competency. 
This practice, however, has been discontinued, and in all cases 
involving the issuance of patents to Indians, the practice is now to 
require a formal application and proof of competency. 
A number of cases involving the prosecution of persons under 
section 5 of the act of June 25, 1910 (36 Stat. L., 855), and the re- 
covery of lands illegally conveyed, and also the abatement of taxes 
illegally levied and assessed against Indian trust lands, have been 
disposed of or settled. 
During the year there has been a great falling off in the number 
of land sales and in tlhe acreage sold, owing to the general depres- 

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