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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the years 1921-1932

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the fiscal year ended June 2, 1921,   pp. [1]-69 ff. PDF (26.8 MB)

Page 12

Indians themselves, under the supervision of the superintendent, 
which furnishes them with practical experience in business organiza- 
The Indians also exhibit at county and State fairs, sometimes in 
open competition with the whites, where they have won numerous 
Encouragement is given to these industrial displays and coop- 
eration-is sought from county and State agricultural associations. 
It is believed that such occasions may be the means of diverting the 
interest of the Indians from so-called Wild West shows and sensa- 
tional round-ups, which offer little aside from old-time feats of bar- 
barity that have no elevating effect upon the spectators but tend to 
impress the Indian that these performances receive popular ap- 
The live-stock industry of the Indians, in common with like inter- 
ests throughout the country, has during the past two or three years 
faced the most trying and disastrous period in its history. The 
severest drought ever experienced in the Southwest has prevailed 
in that region and seriously affected the interests of the Indian 
on all reservations. Similar conditions prevailed in Montana and 
other parts of the Northwest during the summer of 1918, and were 
followed by the most severe winter experienced in that locality. 
Reports received indicate, however, that the herds on several of 
the reservations came through these periods more satisfactorily than. 
any of the other herds in the Northwest, and that the stock interests 
of the Indians there are now in exceptionally good condition. It is 
also understood that the calf crop this season is a good one. 
These conditions have emphasized the need for conserving and 
protecting the range on Indian reservations in every way possible. 
These ranges are now overrun with large "numbers of wild and 
worthless ponies, which should be disposed of in order that the 
ranges may be available and utilized for more valuable stock. It is 
therefore proposed to adopt plans for ridding the various ranges of 
this class of stock and inaugurate a strenuous campaign to that 
Arrangements are now being made for the distribution of the tribal 
herd on the Crow Indian Reservation under the provisions of the act 
of June 4, 1920 (41 Stats., 751-754). Regulations and instructions 
were approved under date of June 7, 1921, in accordance with the 
provisions of that act, by which the Indians of that reservation who 
are competent to handle stock will receive their shares in stock and 
the other Indians will have their shares placed to their credit in cash.
Many of these Indians have been very successful in handling their' 
live-stock interests, and this action will no doubt materially aid them 
in their advancement along such lines. 
During the year the Indians of the Jicarilla Reservation have been 
enabled to establish themselves in the sheep industry by reason of 
having about 12 head of sheep issued from the tribal herd to each 
member of the tribe, which provided each family with from 24 to 100' 
head, according to the size of the family. This has led them to 
resume their outdoor life and habits, with material benefit to their 
health, as well as to take an active interest in their industrial advance-
ment. The results from the adoption of this policy on the Jicarilla 

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