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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the years 1921-1932
([1921-1932])

Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the fiscal year ended June 2, 1921,   pp. [1]-69 ff. PDF (26.8 MB)


Page 11

COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
been confined to the Indians, there being 52 cases with 21 deaths, 
exclusive of the tvo cases among whites. 
. A number of physicians and nurses were detailed to combat the 
epidemic, and the United States Public Health Service effectivel. 
assisted, its representatives in the field being Passed Asst. Surg. 
E. Waller, State health officer of New Mexico, and Dr. Charles Arm- 
strong, passed assistant surgeon. 
The last case was reported on June 13, 1921. 
The educational value to the Navajos of the campaign against 
typhus has been greater than the money outlay. 
ORGANIZATION.-The health service at the close of the year con- 
sisted of one chief medical supervisor, six special physicians (eye, 
ear, nose, and throat), seven traveling field dentists, about 175 sta- 
tioned physicians, including contracts; approximately 100 stationed 
nurses, 6 traveling nurses, and 87 field matrons. 
It has not been practicable to fill all the nursing positions with 
trained nurses, but as they become available practical nurses will 
be replaced with graduates. 
FARMING. 
While many of the Indians engage in other industries, by far the 
greater number must look to agriculture for their support. Last 
year 49,962 Indians cultivated 890,700 acres of land, producing 
crops worth $11,927,366. as compared With 36,459 Indians who cul- 
-tivated 762,126 acres the previous year, the value of the crops being 
$11,037,589. The comparatively slight increase in the value of the 
,crops is owing to the fall of prices. 
Advantage is taken of every means of stimulating the interest and 
enthusiasm of the Indians along agricultural lines, a few of Which 
will be mentioned below. 
SEXPERIMENTATIN.-Recognizing the benefit of experimentation, 
'Congress makes a small appropriation each year for such purposes 
on the different reservations. This money is used in conducting 
,experiments with different crops, plants, etc., with the view of de- 
veloping varieties best suited to the conditions which prevail in a 
particular locality. The largest and most important farm of this 
nature is at Sacaton, on the Gila Reservation in Arizona, which is 
operated jointly by the Indian Service and the Bureau of Plant 
Industry of the United States Department of Agriculture. The 
operation of this farm has been very successful and of great benefit 
not only to the Indians but to the whites as well. 
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK.-The States Relations Service of 
the United States Department of Agriculture has placed its facili- 
ties at our disposal for the benefit of the Indians. The county agents 
cooperate with the Indian Service farmers; representatives of the 
State agricultural colleges often visit reservations and give illus- 
trated lectures on suitable topics appropriate to that particular vicin-
ity, and boys' and girls' clubs have been organized on several res- 
ervations. 
INDIAN FAIRS.-The spirit of competition is a strong incentive to 
success. Agricultural fairs are held in the fall of each year on 
many of the reservations, at which the Indians display farm prod- 
ucts and live stock in competition with each other, premiums being 
given for the best exhibits. Most of the fairs are managed by the 
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