United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
Reports of superintendents of independent schools, pp. 415-440 PDF (11.7 MB)
428 REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. the number of allotments by adding the juniors, and gradually increase the scope of the work by adding experimental and development work to demonstration. The dairy department has done most excellent work throughout the year. Our boyA milk from 70 to 100 cows, care for the milk product in the creamery- separating, sterilizing, testing, making butter and cheese. Students in this department are taught not merely how to milk, but everything necessary to enable them to make dairying profitable. As dairying represents the highest type of intensive farming, it becomes necessary to instill into the boys correct ideas of the proper selection of the dairy cow in the first place, and then how to feed and care for the animal and her products so as to make her the most profitable. This we are striving to do, and, I think, with gratifying success. The school maintains pure-bred registered stock of the four prominent breeds of hogs, i. e, Poland China, Berkshire, Chester White, and Duroc Jersey; several of the finest breeds of fowls, such as Barred Plymouth Rock, White Plymouth Rock, White and Brown Leghorn, Light Brahma, Indian Game, Silver- laced Wyandotte, Black Spanish, etc.; also turkeys, geese, ducks, guineas, pheasants, and pigeons. The poultry yards are merry with the sounds emanat- ing from 3,000 feathered throats, and the children's hearts made glad by the addition to the daily menus of eggs and poultry. Poultry raising is a very valuable feature of instruction at Chilocco, especially among the girls. If Indians are taught to rely on their cows and poultry for a living, they will of necessity stop their nomadic habits. One of our best and most cherished industries is that of printing. This de- partment, in charge of Mr. E. K. Miller, does all the work in connection with the publication of the Indian School Journal, a monthly publication in magazine form representing the entire service and giving a large amount of important and authentic Indian news. Besides the monthly Journal, we issue a small weekly news letter which goes to the parents having children in the Chilocco school, and an enormous amount of job work for our own and other schools and agencies. A boy graduating from the Chilocco print shop need never be out of work at good wages. While the farm, dairy, garden, and orehard claim first place in Chilocco's course of study for the boys, the instruction given in the various trades, i e., carpentry in all its branches, blacksmithing and wagon making, shoe and har- ness making, painting, masonry, and baking is of the very best and most thorough. Lectures, simple and thorough, form an important feature of school instruc- tion. During three months of the winter four evenings per week are devoted to lectures or talks carefully prepared and delivered by members of the faculty. For the girls, Chilocco offers as fine, practical, and thorough training in the arts that count as anyone could wish for his own daughter. Presiding over the cooking or domestic science department is a graduate of Minnesota Agricul- tural College, thoroughly competent-a strong, forceful, elevating character. This department gives perfect training in all branches of housekeeping, from the simplest and most menial to plain and scientific cooking and rules of conduet for the home, on the street, in society. In the sewing or domestic art department all branches pertaining to tho manufacture of clothing are taught thoroughly by a corps of very competent teachers. When a girl graduates from Chilocco she is fully equipped to grace the home and charm society. The literary or academic part of the school course has brought forth satisfy- ing results. The corps of teachers, under the able management of Principal Birch, has labored conscientiously for the students' advancement. By constant study, reading of educational journals, attendance on institutes, summer schools, and weekly meetings, they keep themselves up to date in methods and correct teaching spirit. A new plan for teaching language has been put into practice the past year that will bear more than passing notice. It is, I think, entirely new and origi- nal. The teacher of language and her 'class are constituted the staff-editors and reporters-on the weekly journal. They gather the news all about the school and bring it to the class room, where it is itemized and paragraphed. Criticisms are made. The paragraphs are boiled down to make them concise and simple. Words are carefully chosen to express the proper shade of mean- ing. The dictionary is thus brought into play. The best items are then sent to the print shop, where they are set up in type and then returned to the class for corrections. This practice develops observation, originality, wit, humor, prac- tice in writing, composition, and spelling.
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