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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in South Dakota,   pp. 328-352 PDF (11.7 MB)

Page 335

oats, hay, potatoes, and vegetables were produced to supply the asylum during
the year. 
Improvements.-One large cistern, 2 storm houses, and 40 storm  windows 
were obtained for use at the asylum during the year. 
The asylum, as a place for the care of Indians exclusively, will prove much
more satisfactory and fully as economical. in the aggregate, as placing them
in State or private institutions for treatment, and its establishment was
tainly a very wise and humane provision. 
Superintendent and Special Disbursing Agent. 
FLANDREAU, S. DAK., August 30, 1905. 
Owing to the fact that former reports from this institution have been classi-
fied with those from agencies and not with independent schools, it has given
many an idea that the school is located at an Indian agency or reservation,
while the contrary is the fact. Riggs Institute is located one-half mile
of and adjoining the incorporated town site of Flandreau, on land purchased
of white citizens for the erection of the school. There is no Flandreau 
agency; the 300 Indians ostensibly under the charge of the superintendent
citizen Indians, residing in the States of South Dakota, Minnesota, Nebraska,
and Montana, although about 200 live on small farms in the vicinity of Flan-
Attendance. The attendance for the year has been very satisfactory. In 
fact, the full capacity of the school was reached before we had completed
canvass for pupils, and on September 30 our records showed an enrollment
418 pupils, with an average of 402 for the month. This number was beyond
the safe capacity of the school, and the number was gradually reduced so
the average for the entire year was 401. As the appropriation made was for
375 pupils, it was necessary to secure an emergency appropriation for the
port of the additional 25 pupils, and the school year ended with a balance
$1,500 unexpended, instead of a deficit, as would have been the case had
attempted to carry the 400 pupils on the appropriation for 375. 
Literary. The work of this department has not been equal to that of other
years, although good progress has been made in some branches. During the
year, with an average of 01 pupils, we had one less teacher than during pre-
vious years, when the attendance has been but 375 pupils, and as a result,
could not accomplish all that was desired. The course of study, with special
reference to agriculture, was closely followed. Individual class gardens
maintained and much valuable instruction was acquired by the several classes.
A lecture and entertainment course of five numbers, furnished by the Midland
Lyceum Bureau, together with monthly school entertainments, both literary
musical, have provided pleasant and profitable entertainment during the year.
The older or advanced pupils have conducted their literary or debating society
so that it has been entertaining as well as instructive to the members. 
Industrial-.This department has done excellent work during the entire year.
The enlargement of the shop building and the purchase of additional equipment
has made it possible to accomplish greater and more satisfactory results.
farm and garden work has been very profitably managed, and the crops raised
exceed those of former years. 
A printing office has been added to the list of facilities for teaching.
school paper, The Weekly Review, has been published, and it has been of 
great benefit to the school, both as an educator and as a means of keeping
close contact with parents and others on the various reservations. 
I feel that the heads of our industrial departments are very competent men,
and that it would be very difficult to procure another faculty their -equal.
boys detailed in these departments have taken an interest in their work and
have acquired considerable knowledge in the different lines. 
Domestic.-Work in the different departments has been very satisfactory, 
and girls have learned well the tasks set before them. The heads of the depart-
ments here are ladies of long experience in the service, and this fact is
responsible for the excellent character of the work performed. 

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