United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
Reports concerning Indians in South Dakota, pp. 328-352 PDF (11.7 MB)
330 REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. represented by the Congregational, Protestant Episcopal, and Roman Catholic churches. They have 20 churches built on this reservation. Sanitation.-Considering the general sanitary condition of these Indians, the agency physician reports that the health conditions show improvement on ac- count of the better methods of living and-diet, and the increased cash receipts earned by Indians from the labor policy and leases of their tribal lands have enabled them to obtain for themselves more healthful food. Tuberculosis in the lymphatic and pulmonary forms leads in frequency, but the death rate from this disease will no doubt be lessened by the rigid exclusion of these cases from the schools, thus preventing the infection of a large number of children neces- sarily brought into close contact. Seventeen of this class of cases were excluded from the schools at the beginning of the term and eleven more were excused by the agency physician during the fiscal year on account of the development of tubercular symptoms. The general health, outside of tuberculosis, shows an improvement over the preceding years, and the Indians continue to seek the services of the physician whenever necessary. Police.-The police force of this agency was again reduced, leaving us only 16 privates, and with a very few exceptions they have been faithful in the discharge of their duties. However, the force has been increased to 21 for the next fiscal year and much better service will result. On account of the very meager salary paid these officers, several voluntary resignations have taken place, in order that they might work on the roads, etc., and thus earn more money. IRA A. HATCH, Indian Agent. REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT OF CHEYENNE RIVER SCHOOL. CHEYENNE RIVER AGENCY, S. DAK., August 17, 1905 The enrollment for the year was 152, the attendance being as follows: First quarter, 117; second quarter, 1421; third quarter, 144 23 ; fourth quarter, 136. The children, as usual, were slow about reporting for enrollment. I traveled more than 700 miles in filling the school. Very few runaways occurred during the year. We have continued the policy of keeping the runaways at school one-half of the vacation. Three of those on the second detail have not yet reported. Health.-The health of the children was only fair, though the usual care was given them. No children died at the school, though one who was enrolled died after leaving school. The sanitary conditions in the boys' building were partly responsible for the sick- ness among the boys. The floors were so worn that it was impossible to keep them clean. I have made several reports and estimates concerning these same floors. Material has at last been allowed and the boys' building is now being refloored and otherwise renovated. Literary work.-The work in the schoolrooms was very poor compared to the work of former years. Little correlation of schoolroom with industrial work was attempted, and the course of study was hardly consulted. I will be able this year to give a better report in regard to schoolroom work. Farm.-A small amount of new land was broken during the year. The farm and garden, which consists of about 30 acres, is most carefully farmed, and all the vegetables needed for the school are raised with little difficulty. We irrigate very little, depending upon deep plowing and almost continuous surface cultivation to produce crops. The system succeeds admirably. Live stock.-Our poultry, swine, cattle, and horses are all in a flourishing condition. From the poultry we got several hundred dozen eggs during the year. -We raise swine enough so that about 30 head can be slaughtered for the use of the school each year. The mares purchased last year have raised some fine colts, go that the school will soon be well supplied with horses as well as much instruction and pleasure gained by the boys in rearing the colts. The cattle number 45 head. During the year several head of old cows and steers were slaughtered for beef. We were unfortunate in losing 10 head of fine calves during the year by death from blackleg. I have now begun the practice of vac- cinating the calves and expect to lose no more of them from this cause. From the dairy herd we received during the year 30,000 pounds of milk. Shop work.-The work in the carpenter and shoe shops was very good. Religious instruction.-All children attended their respective churches on Sunday. Domestic department.-The work in the sewing room, laundry, kitchen, and bakery was very good, the work in the kitchen under the last of the two employees in charge of that department during the year being the best I have seen done in the service. The work in the boys' sewing room was not very satisfactory, owing to the numerous changes in that position during the year. The last incumbent did very well. The housework among the boys was hampered by bad condition of the building. That condition is now removed. Housekeeping work among the girls was only fair. A cooking class received regular instruction by the cook, and fancy-work classes were taught on Thursday and Monday evenings by the seamstress. Night work.-The evening sessions were an hour long, all employees being detailed to assist except the cook and matron. Regular Sunday evening devotional exercises were held in the assembly room, and a band and mandolin club concert was given on Wednes- day evenings. Music.--The band of 21 members made very rapid and satisfactory advancement under the instruction of the disciplinarian. The. mandolin club, instructed by the second teacher, was a great success. Discipline.--The discipline of the school was not very good among both employees and pupils. The girls in particular need improvement in this line. Rmployees.-Most of the employees have been interested and devoted to their work. TZUGENE D. MOSSMAN, superintendent.
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