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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in South Dakota,   pp. 328-352 PDF (11.7 MB)

Page 330

represented by the Congregational, Protestant Episcopal, and Roman Catholic
churches. They have 20 churches built on this reservation. 
Sanitation.-Considering the general sanitary condition of these Indians,
agency physician reports that the health conditions show improvement on ac-
count of the better methods of living and-diet, and the increased cash receipts
earned by Indians from the labor policy and leases of their tribal lands
enabled them to obtain for themselves more healthful food. Tuberculosis in
the lymphatic and pulmonary forms leads in frequency, but the death rate
this disease will no doubt be lessened by the rigid exclusion of these cases
the schools, thus preventing the infection of a large number of children
sarily brought into close contact. Seventeen of this class of cases were
from the schools at the beginning of the term and eleven more were excused
the agency physician during the fiscal year on account of the development
tubercular symptoms. The general health, outside of tuberculosis, shows an
improvement over the preceding years, and the Indians continue to seek the
services of the physician whenever necessary. 
Police.-The police force of this agency was again reduced, leaving us only
privates, and with a very few exceptions they have been faithful in the discharge
of their duties. However, the force has been increased to 21 for the next
year and much better service will result.      On account of the very meager
salary paid these officers, several voluntary resignations have taken place,
order that they might work on the roads, etc., and thus earn more money.
IRA A. HATCH, Indian Agent. 
CHEYENNE RIVER AGENCY, S. DAK., August 17, 1905 
The enrollment for the year was 152, the attendance being as follows: First
117; second quarter, 1421; third quarter, 144 23 ; fourth quarter, 136. 
 The children, 
as usual, were slow about reporting for enrollment. I traveled more than
700 miles in 
filling the school. Very few runaways occurred during the year. We have continued
policy of keeping the runaways at school one-half of the vacation. Three
of those on the 
second detail have not yet reported. 
Health.-The health of the children was only fair, though the usual care was
them. No children died at the school, though one who was enrolled died after
school. The sanitary conditions in the boys' building were partly responsible
for the sick- 
ness among the boys. The floors were so worn that it was impossible to keep
them clean. 
I have made several reports and estimates concerning these same floors. Material
has at 
last been allowed and the boys' building is now being refloored and otherwise
Literary work.-The work in the schoolrooms was very poor compared to the
work of 
former years. Little correlation of schoolroom with industrial work was attempted,
the course of study was hardly consulted. I will be able this year to give
a better report 
in regard to schoolroom work. 
Farm.-A small amount of new land was broken during the year. The farm   
garden, which consists of about 30 acres, is most carefully farmed, and all
the vegetables 
needed for the school are raised with little difficulty. We irrigate very
little, depending 
upon deep plowing and almost continuous surface cultivation to produce crops.
system succeeds admirably. 
Live stock.-Our poultry, swine, cattle, and horses are all in a flourishing
From the poultry we got several hundred dozen eggs during the year. -We raise
enough so that about 30 head can be slaughtered for the use of the school
each year. 
The mares purchased last year have raised some fine colts, go that the school
will soon be 
well supplied with horses as well as much instruction and pleasure gained
by the boys in 
rearing the colts. The cattle number 45 head. During the year several head
of old cows 
and steers were slaughtered for beef. We were unfortunate in losing 10 head
of fine 
calves during the year by death from blackleg. I have now begun the practice
of vac- 
cinating the calves and expect to lose no more of them from this cause. From
the dairy 
herd we received during the year 30,000 pounds of milk. 
Shop work.-The work in the carpenter and shoe shops was very good. 
Religious instruction.-All children attended their respective churches on
Domestic department.-The work in the sewing room, laundry, kitchen, and bakery
very good, the work in the kitchen under the last of the two employees in
charge of 
that department during the year being the best I have seen done in the service.
work in the boys' sewing room was not very satisfactory, owing to the numerous
in that position during the year. The last incumbent did very well. The housework
among the boys was hampered by bad condition of the building. That condition
is now 
removed. Housekeeping work among the girls was only fair. A cooking class
regular instruction by the cook, and fancy-work classes were taught on Thursday
Monday evenings by the seamstress. 
Night work.-The evening sessions were an hour long, all employees being detailed
to assist except the cook and matron. Regular Sunday evening devotional exercises
held in the assembly room, and a band and mandolin club concert was given
on Wednes- 
day evenings. 
Music.--The band of 21 members made very rapid and satisfactory advancement
the instruction of the disciplinarian. The. mandolin club, instructed by
the second 
teacher, was a great success. 
Discipline.--The discipline of the school was not very good among both employees
pupils. The girls in particular need improvement in this line. 
Rmployees.-Most of the employees have been interested and devoted to their
TZUGENE D. MOSSMAN, superintendent. 

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