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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Oregon,   pp. 323-328 PDF (2.8 MB)


Page 325

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN        OREGON.          325 
Unsettled land claims.-The State of Oregon claims certain swamp lands 
within this reservation. The California and Oregon Land Company now con-
trols over 133,000 acres of land within the reservation along the old military
road. I have been directed by your office to make an examination of this
road- 
grant land and I trust that some settlement will soon be made with the present
owners of this road grant. 
Tribal and timber lands.-There have been about 1,100 allotments made on 
this reservation; the remainder of the lands is held in common by the tribes.
Two grazing permits have been issued for this year. There is much fine timber
growing on tribal land on this reservation. 
Allotments.-The Indians have not received their patents for the allotments
that have been made on this reservation on account of disputed land claims
mentioned above. 
Agriculture and stock raising.---On account of the close proximity of the
Cascade Range, farming is not much of a success on this reservation and more
attention is paid to stock raising. The Indians own about 2,500 horses, 100
mules, 12 burros, 3,000 cattle, 175 hogs' 5 goats, and 750 domestic fowls.
Irrigation.-So far irrigation has not.done much for this reservation, although
considerable money has been spent by the Government. The Modoc Point ditch
has been begun, but it will take considerable work and expense to complete
it. 
The Crooked Creek ditch needs considerable work done on it before it will
be 
of much service. The Agency Spring ditch is now under construction. There
should also be two ditches constructed on the east end of the reservation
Irregular labor.-These Indians seem to be willing to work and are irregularly
employed by the Government in haying, freighting, and on the irrigation ditches.
I am of the opinion that the Government should be more prompt in its payments
for irregular Indian labor; payments should be made to Indians at least twice
a month, instead of every three months, as is now the custom. 
Leasing of land.-Only an informal system has been in force in the past on
this reservation. The regular system of leasing Indian lands will be followed
hereafter. The Indians have been getting an average of about 12 cents an
acre 
for their land. 
Industrial pursuits.-These Indians seem to be very industrious and furnish
wood for the Government, put up hay for themselves, and also work for white
ranchers, work on the irrigation ditches, raise a few horses and cattle,
and 
freight supplies for both Government and whites. 
Roads.-The roads on this reservation are not in a very good condition. Many
of the bridges need rebuilding or repairs, and much work should be done on
the 
roads by taking out stones and stumps and improving grades. 
Telephone lines.-.A telephone line 40 miles in length was constructed during
May and June from this agency to the Yainax school. A short line was also
constructed from this agency to the Williamson River, near Spring Creek.
There- is also a private line running across the reservation from Fort Klamath
to 
Klamath Falls. 
Minors, orphans, and guardians.-There is not at present a regularly ap- 
pointed guardian on this reservation. There are several Indians acting as
guardians for orphans. This method of guardianship seems to have been the
custom here for several years, and lands have been leased and money collected
by these temporary guardians. It is my intention to have guardians regularly
appointed hereafter. 
Courts.-There has been fifteen Indian criminals punished by the Indian court
here during the last year. There are two strong parties on this reservation,
and 
it is almost impossible to get Indian judges who are not partial in giving
their 
decisions. I believe it would be for the best interests of the service to
abolish 
this Indian court and have a justice of the peace appointed here as in white
communities. 
Police.-The police force on this reservation is very efficient. 
Missionary work.-There is a Methodist missionary located about 7 miles 
south of this agency. To look at the building, one would think that the mis-
sionary work has been sadly neglected. A real live missionary could do effective
work on this reservation, and I have been promised that such a man would
be 
sent soon. 
Employee.-There has been many changes in the employee force at this 
agency and school since I assumed charge, May 1, 1905. 
HORACE G. WILSON, 
Superintendent and Special Disbursing Agent. 


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