United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
Reports concerning Indians in Oklahoma, pp. 291-323 PDF (15.9 MB)
322 REPORTS OF TRE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. census is given below, however, and is as nearly correct as I am able to make it under existing circumstances: Absentee Shawnee 460 Males over 18 years of age_ - 175 Females over 14 years of age- 176 Children between 6 and 16 years of age- .109 Citizen Potawatomi ----- 1,680 Males over 18 years of age . - -- 611 Females over 14 years of age- 610 Children between 6 and 16 years of age-----------459 Mexican Kickapoo_- -- 247 Males over 18 years of age --102 Females over 14 years of age 112 Children between 6 and 16 years of age - - 33 Total Indian population 2, 387 The population as given in my last annual report was 2,620, and in explanation of the apparent decrease I would state that a considerable number of the Absen- tee Shawnee have reliquished their rights at this agency and taken them up again as Creek or Seminole Indians in the Indian Territory. Again, there are a number of the Citizen Potawatomi Indians who have left the reservation and their whereabouts is not known. The Indians of this agency are increas- ing, and not decreasing. Education.-Although we have been compelled to live in and to conduct the entire school work in temporary quarters during the whole of the school year just closed, it is a great pleasure to be able to state that satisfactory progress was made in all departments of the school work. During the time that we have occupied temporary quarters the employees -have given the best of testimony as to their devotion to the work in hand and in turn the pupils have responded with a bright cheerfulness which plainly discloses their persistent faith that a better time both as to school equipment and as to their station in life is sure to come. The regular class-room and industrial work has been carried on as usual, unless it be that more outside work has been adopted; and the class-room work is frequently conducted out of doors, in the garden or woods or wherever a suitable text from nature can be found which will cover the work in hand. Improvements.-Contracts have recently been awarded for the erection of two new brick dormitories, one new brick domestic hall, and one complete sewer system. A new class-room building and a small hospital will complete the school plant at this place to the extent that it will be one of the best-equipped small plants in the service. Agency.-The agency work has been difficult, owing to the many complicated heirship matters in connection with the sale of heirship Indian lands. There were originally some 2,760 allotments under this agency, thus making the leasing of the same a large and difficult task. A very unfortunate event occurred in the passage of a clause in the act of Congress approved March 3, 1905, which removes the restrictions from seven Kickapoo allotments, six of which are located adjacent to or near the city of Shawnee and are so located as to make valuable town-site additions to the city. Unless some legal steps are taken to prevent the passing of title from the Indians interested they will soon have lost property worth no less than $100,000. This matter certainly represents a gigantic fraudulent scheme, and. should be most thoroughly investigated with the view of giving the Indians proper pro- tection. The sale of intoxicants to Indians is still carried on to a considerable extent, and I find it very difficult to convict the real saloon keepers or proprietors, who, of course, are the real offenders. If a poor streetwalker is caught giving an Indian whisky it is a very easy matter to secure his conviction and sentence, but in some manner the real saloon man finds it possible to have his case delayed and postponed from one court to another until the witnesses have mysteriously left the country. Missionary work.-Near the school is located the missionary station of the Friends, or Quaker Church, and the pupils of the school are encouraged to attend Sunday school services there regularly. These kind people were good enough to permit their church to be used by our teachers and pupils for class- room work during a large part of the year just passed, or ever since the fire at this school.
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