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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Oklahoma,   pp. 291-323 PDF (15.9 MB)


Page 308

308      REPORTS OF THE        DEPARTMENT       OF THE    INTERIOR. 
Indians have been numerous. The trade supervisor reports that during the
last six months 95 new licenses for various lines of business in Pawhuska,
1 
for Dixie Siding, 3 for Wynona, 12 for Fairfax, 30 for Hominy, 1 for Grayhorse,
. for Nelagony, 1 for Okesa, and 2 for Burbank have been granted. Two hun-
dred and twenty-one firms and persons were operating under departmental 
license at the close of the fiscal year in the following avocations: Four
banks., 
33 general stores, 17 hotels and restaurants, 10 livery stables, 7 lumber
yards, 
9 blacksmith shops, 5 meat markets, and 126 in other vocations, such as con-
tractors, physicians, painters, etc. 
As to the trlde conditions between these people and the Indians, I respect-
fully refer you to the report of H. C. Ripley, trade supervisor, which appends
this writing. 
Railroads and telephoneg.-The Midland Valley Railroad Company is building
a line from Fort Smith, Ark., through the Indian Territory and Osage Reserva-
tion to Arkansas City, Kans. The road crosses the Missouri, Kansas and 
Texas Railroad at Nelagony, 7 miles southeast of the agency, and will be
run- 
ning trains into Pawhuska by September 1, 1905. 
I understand that the contract has been let for a railroad through Pawhuska
and the Osage Reservation from Caney, Kans., to Perry, Okla., which will
give 
us two railroads in the fiscal year 1906. 
The Pioneer Telephone Company has absorbed nearly all of the-telephone lines
on the reserve and is making some substantial and permanent improvements
to 
their system. 
Town sites.-The act of Congress making appropriations for the current and
contingent expenses of the Indian Department for the fiscal year ending June
30, 1906, approved March 3, 1905, provides that- 
There shall be created an Osage town-site commission, consisting of three
members, 
one of whom shall be the United States Indian agent at the Osage Agency,
one to be 
appointed by the chief executive of the Osage tribe, and one by the Secretary
of the 
Interior; *  *  * that the Secretary of the Interior shall reserve from selection
and 
allotment the south half of section four and the north half of section nine,
township 
twenty-five north, range nine east, of the Indian meridian, including the
town of Paw- 
huska, which, except the land occupied by the Indian school buildings, the
agency reser- 
voir, the agent's office, the council building, and residences of agency
employes, and 
a twenty-acre tract of land, including the Pawhuska Cemetery, shall be surveyed,
ap- 
praised, and laid off into lots, streets, and alleys by said town-site commission
under 
rules and regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Interior  *  * *
and sold at 
public auction, after due advertisement, to the highest bidder, by such town-site
commis- 
sion under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary
of the Inte- 
rior, and the proceeds of such sale shall be placed to the credit of the
Osage tribe of 
Indians: Provided, That said lots shall be appraised at their real value,
exclusive of 
improvements thereon or adjacent thereto, and the improvements appraised
separately: 
And provided further, That any person, chur h, school, or other association
in possession 
of any of said lots and having permanent improvements thereon shall have
a preference 
right to purchase the same at the appraised value, but in case the owner
of the improve- 
ments refuses or neglects to purchase the same, then such lots shall be sold
at public 
auction at not less than the appraised value, the purchaser at such sale
to have the right 
to take possession of the same upon paying the occupant the appraised value
of the 
improvements. There shall in like manner be reserved from selection and allotment
one 
hundred and sixty acres of land, to conform to the public survey, including
the buildings 
now used by the licensed traders and others, for a town-site at the town
of Hominy, and 
the south half of the northwest quarter and the north half of the southwest
quarter of 
section seven, township twenty-four north, range six east, for a town-site
at the town of 
Fairfax, and the northeast corner, section thirteen, township twenty-four,
range five east, 
consisting of ten acres, to be used for cemetery purposes; and two town-sites
of one 
hundred and sixty acres each on the line of the Midland Valley Railroad Company,
adjacent to stations on said line, not less than ten miles from Pawhuska;
and the town 
lots at said towns of Fairfax and Hominy and at said town sites on line of
the Midland 
Valley Railroad shall be surveyed, appraised, and sold the same as provided
for town lots 
in the town of Pawhuska. 
The town-site commission provided for has been organized and is composed
of 
the United States Indian agent, as chairman, Special Indian Agent W. L. Miller
(appointed by the Secretary of the Interior), secretary, and Julian Trumbly
(appointed by the chief executive of the Osage Nation), member. 
The first work is being done at Pawhuska, which is already a town of nearly
2,000 inhabitants. The towns of Hominy and Fairfqx are smart little villages
and will no doubt make good towns. The pressure to get into these towns,
especially Pawhuska, has been very great, and the commission in its work
has 
had many obstacles to contend with, but it is expected that the town-site
sale 
in Pawhuska will take place in the early fall. 
Sanitation.-The sanitary condition of the Indians has been about the same
as 
heretofore.  No epidemics of any sort have occurred.       The half-breeds
are 
healthy and the full bloods are sickly. Hardly a full blood family escapes
hay- 


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