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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in New Mexico,   pp. 260-277 PDF (8.8 MB)

Page 263

necessary; 8,000 acres can be irrigated by securing water from the Rio Grande
River at no cost except for ditches, head gates, etc. There are 20 miles
irrigation ditches in operation at present, 290 families being benefited
8,000 acres of this reservation is good agricultural land. There is no agency
building or farm in-connection. There are 8,000 rods of barb-wire and adobe
fences, 280 adobe houses, with 840 rooms. The tillage consists of corn, wheat,
alfalfa, fruit, and vegetables. There is only one employee, an Indian laborer,
whose duties correspond to those of additional farmer; he occupies his own
quarters and is no expense to the Government, except his salary. 
Acoma.-Population, nearly 750; original grant, 95,000 acres; no allotted
land, but 188 farms have been assigned by the community officials. The people
of this pueblo have two places of habitation, one at Acoma and another along
the San Jose River,  on the north side of the grant. During the summer and
crop seasons they live upon the upper part of the reservation; during the
ter they reside at Acoma village, the families possessing houses near their
farms. Of the 95,000 acres of which the grant consists, 50,000 are hilly
broken, 10,000 are level, 29,000 barren, and 2,000 of agricultural land.
little timber is to be secured, and none fit for anything but fence posts
and fuel. 
Irrigation is required. There are possibly 600 acres under cultivation at
present time. A portion of the agricultural land is excellent sandy loam,
with alkali spots. There are about 1,000 rods of fences on the reservation
18 miles of ditches. 
There-are in this pueblo 225 dwellings, containing 600 rooms, and 188 heads
families, each cultivating about 21 acres. The tillage consists of corn,
alfalfa, fruit, and vegetables. 
San Dia.-Population, 74; area of grant, 24,187 acres. Description: 1,000
hilly, 800 open, 2,000 arable, 15,000 grazing land, 4,000 barren, and 1,000
land, consisting principally of cottonwood. Irrigation necessary. By ditching
from the Rio Grande River 4,000 acres can be irrigated at little expense.
present there are 7 miles of ditches and 9 of fences. The soil is excellent.
There are 30 adobe dwellings, rather poor, containing 70 rooms. 
The farms average 32 acres per family. Tillage-wheat, corn, alfalfa, and
vegetables. If these people could be induced to lease a portion of the reserva-
tion for a limited number of years it would be of benefit to them. 
Santa Ana.-The area of this pueblo is 17,000 acres; population, 226. De-
scription: The pueblo consists of 65 families. A portion hilly; 800 acres
open land, 1,000 arable, 1,000 grazing, and 1,400 barren; 2,000 acres can
irrigated at little expense. There are now 5 miles of ditch; 1,000 acres
of the 
soil are excellent, but covered with alkali spots. There are 6 miles of fences,
130 adobe houses, with 250 rooms, each family possessing two houses. There
are 65 farms, averaging 12 acres each. The tillage consists of corn, wheat,
alfalfa, and vegetables. 
San Felipe.-The pueblo grant consists of 35,000 acres; about 3,000 acres
being agricultural land, and 32,000 barren and hilly. The barren land affords
a little pasturage. There is no timber. Irrigation is necessary; 400 acres
under cultivation, 100 families having small farms of 3 or 4 acres each.
are 25 miles of ditches now under operation. Some of the soil is excellent,
while other portions have alkali in spots. The tillage consists of wheat,
alfalfa, and vegetables. There are 100 adobe houses, with perhaps 420 rooms,
the buildings being poor and insanitary. 
Navaho at Caiion Cito Colo.-This is a Navaho settlement, located some 35
miles west of Albuquerque, with a population of 155. They have only recently
given very much attention to opening out and cultivating farms. This year
have planted 373 acres of corn, and 28 of melons; have constructed 4 miles
rail and brush fences and 114 miles of cacti. Irrigation is absolutely necessary.
Here are 30 families, a number of whom live upon homesteads, others upon
ernment land; they live in very rude houses. There are about 500 acres of
agricultural land; corn, melons, and vegetables are the only products. They
have a few irrigation ditches, and are now constructing a dam for a storage
reservoir which, when completed, will irrigate several farms. 
Day schools.-There were in operation at this agency last year nine day 
schools-one at San Felipe, one at Isleta, two at Acoma, and five at Laguna.
The San Felipe Indians are opposed to schools. They will not patronize a
school without some pressure. The Santa Ana Indians have placed nearly 
nil of their available children of school age in the Albuquerque school.

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