United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
Reports concerning Indians in New Mexico, pp. 260-277 PDF (8.8 MB)
REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN NEW MEXICO. 263 necessary; 8,000 acres can be irrigated by securing water from the Rio Grande River at no cost except for ditches, head gates, etc. There are 20 miles of irrigation ditches in operation at present, 290 families being benefited thereby; 8,000 acres of this reservation is good agricultural land. There is no agency building or farm in-connection. There are 8,000 rods of barb-wire and adobe fences, 280 adobe houses, with 840 rooms. The tillage consists of corn, wheat, alfalfa, fruit, and vegetables. There is only one employee, an Indian laborer, whose duties correspond to those of additional farmer; he occupies his own quarters and is no expense to the Government, except his salary. Acoma.-Population, nearly 750; original grant, 95,000 acres; no allotted land, but 188 farms have been assigned by the community officials. The people of this pueblo have two places of habitation, one at Acoma and another along the San Jose River, on the north side of the grant. During the summer and crop seasons they live upon the upper part of the reservation; during the win- ter they reside at Acoma village, the families possessing houses near their farms. Of the 95,000 acres of which the grant consists, 50,000 are hilly and broken, 10,000 are level, 29,000 barren, and 2,000 of agricultural land. Very little timber is to be secured, and none fit for anything but fence posts and fuel. Irrigation is required. There are possibly 600 acres under cultivation at the present time. A portion of the agricultural land is excellent sandy loam, with alkali spots. There are about 1,000 rods of fences on the reservation and 18 miles of ditches. There-are in this pueblo 225 dwellings, containing 600 rooms, and 188 heads of families, each cultivating about 21 acres. The tillage consists of corn, wheat, alfalfa, fruit, and vegetables. San Dia.-Population, 74; area of grant, 24,187 acres. Description: 1,000 acres hilly, 800 open, 2,000 arable, 15,000 grazing land, 4,000 barren, and 1,000 timber land, consisting principally of cottonwood. Irrigation necessary. By ditching from the Rio Grande River 4,000 acres can be irrigated at little expense. At present there are 7 miles of ditches and 9 of fences. The soil is excellent. There are 30 adobe dwellings, rather poor, containing 70 rooms. The farms average 32 acres per family. Tillage-wheat, corn, alfalfa, and vegetables. If these people could be induced to lease a portion of the reserva- tion for a limited number of years it would be of benefit to them. Santa Ana.-The area of this pueblo is 17,000 acres; population, 226. De- scription: The pueblo consists of 65 families. A portion hilly; 800 acres open land, 1,000 arable, 1,000 grazing, and 1,400 barren; 2,000 acres can be irrigated at little expense. There are now 5 miles of ditch; 1,000 acres of the soil are excellent, but covered with alkali spots. There are 6 miles of fences, 130 adobe houses, with 250 rooms, each family possessing two houses. There are 65 farms, averaging 12 acres each. The tillage consists of corn, wheat, alfalfa, and vegetables. San Felipe.-The pueblo grant consists of 35,000 acres; about 3,000 acres being agricultural land, and 32,000 barren and hilly. The barren land affords a little pasturage. There is no timber. Irrigation is necessary; 400 acres are under cultivation, 100 families having small farms of 3 or 4 acres each. There are 25 miles of ditches now under operation. Some of the soil is excellent, while other portions have alkali in spots. The tillage consists of wheat, corn, alfalfa, and vegetables. There are 100 adobe houses, with perhaps 420 rooms, the buildings being poor and insanitary. Navaho at Caiion Cito Colo.-This is a Navaho settlement, located some 35 miles west of Albuquerque, with a population of 155. They have only recently given very much attention to opening out and cultivating farms. This year they have planted 373 acres of corn, and 28 of melons; have constructed 4 miles of rail and brush fences and 114 miles of cacti. Irrigation is absolutely necessary. Here are 30 families, a number of whom live upon homesteads, others upon Gov- ernment land; they live in very rude houses. There are about 500 acres of agricultural land; corn, melons, and vegetables are the only products. They have a few irrigation ditches, and are now constructing a dam for a storage reservoir which, when completed, will irrigate several farms. Day schools.-There were in operation at this agency last year nine day schools-one at San Felipe, one at Isleta, two at Acoma, and five at Laguna. The San Felipe Indians are opposed to schools. They will not patronize a day school without some pressure. The Santa Ana Indians have placed nearly nil of their available children of school age in the Albuquerque school.
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