University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in New Mexico,   pp. 260-277 PDF (8.8 MB)


Page 262

262     REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. 
and 8 female pupils outing. In October and November of last year a company
of 30 boys were sent to the beet fields at Rocky Ford, Colo., and on the
19th of 
May, 1905, 52 were again sent to the same place, a few were sent out to 
work on the railroad, and two or three for farmers. Eight girls were out
for a 
short period as domestics. The total net earnings, after all expenses were
paid, was about $2,350. 
Industrial work.-The industrial work accomplished at the school has been
very gratifying to the management. The two large adobe buildings constructed
required several thousand adobe brick, which were made and laid by the 
pupils. The advancement made by the boys in the blacksmith and carpenter
shops has been very satisfactory, illustrating that Indian youths can, and
do, 
acquire skill in the handling of tools as well as habits of industry. It
is pro- 
posed next year to add cabinetmaking to the industrial work. 
Agency.-There are under the supervision of the superintendent of the 
Albuquerque Indian School, six pueblos, namely, Acoma, Laguna, Isleta, San
Dia, Santa Ana, and San Felipe; also the Navaho at Canon Cito, N. Mex. 
Enumeration of the various Pueblo and Navajo tribes under my supervision
shows the following totals: 
Age.         Lagu- Aco- Isleta. San  Santa  San   Total Navaho. Total. 
na.   ma.        Felipe. Ana. Dia. Pueblo. 
Males over18 years .....  400  193  326  198   96    29  1,242     38  1,280
Females over 14 years.._  413  226  324  138    65    22  1.188     48  1,236
Males under 18 years----  296  184  171   95    35    13    794     36  
 830 
Females under 14 years _  275  136  168   44    30    10    663     43  
 706 
Total of all ages .__ 1,384  739  989  475  226   74  3,887   165   4,052
Males between 5 and 18 _  191  120  141   85    24    10    571     27  
 598 
Femalesbetween5and18   200   93    115    60    23     3    494    38   
 532 
I give herewith a brief description of each of the six pueblos and the Navaho
at Caflon Cito, N. Mex.: 
Laguna.-The grant consists of 125,225 acres, and there are 60,000 acres ad-
ditional of Executive order land, making a total of 185,000 acres set aside
for 
the use of the Indians of the pueblo. No land is allotted, but the community
officials assign a small tract of 2,500 acres in 275 farms, the allotments
aver- 
aging nearly 9 acres. The average annual cultivation of each farm is 2  acres.
There have been 670 acres tilled this year, as follows: 343 of wheat, 248
of 
corn, 37 of alfalfa, 17 of orchards (bearing), 15 of vegetables, 8 of melons,
and 
2 of grapes (bearing). There are 275 families, comprising 1,384 souls.. 
Description of reservation: 155,000 acres are hilly, 45,000 level and bottom
land, 200,000 open, 45,000 arable, 95,000 grazing (mostly poor), 60,000 barren.
There is no timber land. Probably 35,000 acres can be irrigated by construct-
ing dams and reservoirs on the San Jose Creek; also by storage reservoirs
or 
catch basins in different canyons, or by artesian wells, if these should
prove 
a success. There are constructed and in operation 46 miles of ditches, bene-
fiting 275 families. 
Character of the soil: 100,000 acres sandy, 80,000 sandy and clayey, 10,000
clay soil. There is considerable alkali in the soil, but not enough to injure
the general crops. 
There are no fences on agency tract, but there are 221 miles on Indian farms,
viz, 12 of wire, 51 of picket, and 5 of stone. They are in fair condition
for 
about 8 miles, while 14J miles are rather poor. 
Isleta.'-Isleta pueblo consists of three grants, the original grant containing
110,000 acres, and two subsequent purchases by the Indians-Lo de Padia, con-
taining 15,000 acres, and Ana de Mauzanares, containing 10,000 acres-the
total 
acreage owned by this pueblo being 135,000 acres. None of the land is al-
lotted by the Government, but agricultural lands have been assigned to the
several families by the community officials. 
The population of the pueblo is 989. There are 280 farms, averaging 7 
acres each, in cultivation. Few of the families reside upon the farms, but
for 
the most part live in villages. In some instances families own two houses,
during the crop season residing on the farm, and in the village during the
winter. 
*Description: 35,000 acres are hilly, 50,000 barren, 40,000 grazing land,
8,000 
arabic, and 2,000 open level land; no timber on grant: irritation is absolutely


Go up to Top of Page