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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in Nebraska,   pp. 248-254 PDF (3.5 MB)

Page 250

Missionary work.-But one mission station is now established upon this res-
ervation, that of the Presbyterian Board of Missions, located at the agency.
This is in charge of Mr. C. A. Dickason, who during his incumbency has labored
faithfully and. intelligently for the moral and spiritual welfare of those
mitted to his charge. 
Superintendent and Special Disbursing Agent. 
OMAHA AGENCY, NEBR., August 22, 1905. 
The attendance for the year is as follows: Average attendance, 68.2; total
80; capacity, 50. Hitherto the capacity of the school has been reported as
96, but 
measurements taken in accordance with rule 307 show that there is dormitory
space for 
but 50. 
Runaways.-When I took charge of the school four boys were absent without
This habit of running away has seriously handicapped both the schoolroom
and the indus- 
trial work. At one time twelve boys were absent without leave. It seemed
to do but 
little good to send the police after these runaways, as they generally failed
to find the 
boys. In most cases the truants were returned by their parents after an absence
of from 
one to ten days. This truancy is, in my opinion, to be attributed largely
to the influence 
of a number of boys and young men from 18 to 25 years of age, who gathered
on the 
school campus every pleasant afternoon to play ball, loaf, smoke cigarettes,
and make 
themselves generally troublesome. The constant exampVle of so many boys who
were idle 
and who were not subject to any restraint could not fail to have a bad effect
on our boys. 
Industrial and farm work.-Owing to the fact that the position of farmer was
for some time in the spring, and that we had some difficulty in finding a
laborer who would 
labor, the industrial training has not been what I would have liked. The
boys have had 
training in caring for stock, sowing oats, planting and cultivating corn,
planting and 
caring for a garden, and in operating washing machines. All the large boys
willingly on the farm, and all worked unwillingly in the laundry. The smaller
boys were 
detailed to care for the boys' dormitories and to keep the yard clean. The
details for 
work were changed monthly. The girls were given regular instructions in cooking,
ing, and laundering. Several of the larger girls learned to operate the sewing
with some degree of skill. The teaching of housekeeping by the matron, Miss
deserves special mention. Some of the smaller girls from 8 to 10 years old
made beds 
and swept floors in a manner that would be a credit to girls of twice their
Schoolroom work.-The schoolroom work has been fairly good. At the close of
an entertainment consisting of songs, drills, calisthenics, dialogues, and
recitations was 
given. In this nearly all of the children did well, speaking plainly and
not showing much 
embarrassment. The evening hour was devoted to singing and story telling,
except Fri- 
day evenings, when we had socials. 
Religious instruction.-All of the children attended church and Sunday school
at the 
Presbyterian mission, one-half mile from the school. Sunday evenings the
gathered In the schoolroom to sing hymns and listen to Bible stories. 
Health.-Since I have been connected with the school there has been no serious
Employees.-With two exceptions the regular employees have earned much praise
devotion to duty and cheerfully doing extra work when called upon. One or
two temporary 
employees were not satisfactory. 
As a majority of the Indians desire to have the school closed, and will not
support it 
while open, it will probably be difficult to conduct it successfully during
the coming year. 
JOHN H. WILSON, Principal Teacher. 
SANTEE AGENCY, NEBR., August 30, 1905. 
This agency includes two reservations, the Santee and Ponca of Nebraska.
Both reservations have shown that slow yet certain progress visible to the
employees in the field. Both tribes have apparently passed that crucial period
which must come to every people in its transition from an uncivilized to
a civi- 
lized manner of living, and each census shows an increase in the population.
More marked progress can be noted among those who are in possession of 
fairly good agricultural allotments and who have been moderately successful
in the past as farmers than among those who still live a hand-to-mouth exist-
ence, depending upon rentals and upon day labor. 
Education.-The Santee training school, located at the agency, has done good
standard work throughout the year. It is supported entirely by voluntary
attendance, and the relationship existing between the employees, the pupils,
the patrons has been friendly. The buildings are in good repair, and with
exception of the laundry and an assembly room are sufficiently large for
The Santee normal training school, under the supervision of the Reverend

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