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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Montana,   pp. 236-248 PDF (6.3 MB)


Page 245

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN MONTANA.                 245 
REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF FORT PECK AGENCY. 
POPLAR, MONT., July 1, 1905. 
Reservation.-Eighty miles long by 40 miles wide, containing about 1,776,000
acres of land, unallotted; railroad station. Poplar, Mont., on the Great
Northern 
Railway, one-third of a mile southwest of agency; nearest military post,
Fort 
Assinniboine, Mont.; post-office address, Poplar, Mont.; telegraphic address,
Pop- 
lar, Mont. 
Population.- 
Yankton (males, 553; females, 563)-----------------------1, 116 
Children of school age------------------278 
Assiniboin (males, 270; females, 303)                    573 
Children of school age----------------137 
Sehools.-Poplar River Training School is the only Government boarding 
school on the reservation. During the fiscal year just closed it had an enroll-
ment of 177 and an average attendance of 168. 
Day School No. 1, located at Blair, Mont., had an enrollment of 27 and an
aver- 
age attendance of 22. 
Wolf Point Mission School is maintained by the Presbyterian Church; it is
a 
combination boarding and day school, with a capacity of 30 pupils. Much good
work has come from the schools of the reservation during the fiscal year
1905. 
Missionary work.-The Catholic and Presbyterian churches both do mission-
ary work on the reservation, both. having done good work, and deserve credit
for their untiring energy. 
Health.-The general health of the Indians is encouraging, they having been
free from the visitation of any epidemic. The prevalent disease continues
to be 
tuberculosis, manifested principally as scrofula and consumption. 
Progress.-There has been considerable improvement in this line the past 
year. A larger increase is shown over former years in the number of able-
bodied who apply for work; also they begin to realize that it is best for
their own 
interests to stay home and cultivate their fields and care for their stock.
The 
Indians have done considerable work on the reservation in the way of building
and repairing roads, bridges, and fences; also made extensive improvements
on 
the irrigation system of the agency. 
Grazing permits.-During the past year about $18,000 has been received from
this source, and it all should be expended in the purchase of young stock
for 
these people, in which they are very deficient; in fact, the genuine, unadulter-
ated Indian has no cattle to speak of. 
Police.-The force as it is is efficient, but insufficient; they are overworked
and underpaid. Ten dollars per month is entirely too small a compensation
for 
this class of employees. 
Crime.-It is .very gratifying to note that no crime of any magnitude has
occurred during the past year. 
Court of Indian offense.-This court convenes every ration day to mete out
punishment. The gist of their labors mostly relates to cases of matrimonial
strife, domestic duplicity, and an occasional drunk. 
Employees.-All have given loyal and efficient support. As a whole, I wish
to express my appreciation for their cooperation. 
C. B. LOHMILLER, 
Superintendent and Special Disbursing Agent. 
REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF TONGUE RIVER AGENCY. 
TONGUE RIVER, MONT., August 22, 1905. 
The reservation is situated in the southern part of Rosebud County, Mont.,
and is better adapted for pastoral industries than agricultural pursuits,
inas- 
much as the largest percentage of the land lies among the hills and high
divides, 
which make excellent range for cattle and sheep. 
Agriculture.-Some farming has been done on small scale in the Rosebud 
Valley and on tributary streams with some success. This season more atten-
tion was paid to the alfalfa crops in the way of irrigating the land in proper


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