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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1905
Part I ([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Minnesota,   pp. 227-236 PDF (4.7 MB)

Page 234

especial efforts were made to secure children, most of them being brought
in by parents. 
This would indicate that the Indians are beginning to realize the necessity
of having 
their children educated. 
Industrial work.-The girls have made good progress in sewing, mending, cooking,
housekeeping. The cooking classes, under the direction of the children's
cook, prepared 
special dishes, which were placed on the tables in the general dining room.
It is our 
desire to make a better showing in this department the coming year. The laundry
was well conducted. 
The boys, besides learning to mend their own clothing, have learned some
lessons in gardening, stock raising, and farming. An abundance of garden
etc., is the result of their labors. 
Health.-The children have had remarkably good health, due, I presume, to
our war on 
dirt and keeping dormitories and other rooms where pupils frequent in a sanitary
tion. There were no epidemics during the year. 
Schoolroom work.-Greater progress and improvement have been made in this
line than 
ever before, and the teachers and myself are much encouraged thereby. Exercises,
giousor ethical, were held on Sunday evenings, and pupils were encouraged
to attend 
church services. We had the hearty cooperation in this line of Rev. Father
Felix, of the 
Catholic Church, and Rev. George Smith, of the Episcopal Church. 
Musi.-A band of fourteen pieces was organized during the year, the musical
tion being given by James Rock, a returned student, who taught the boys without
pensation. He is a good musician. The pupils have made remarkable progress
in this 
line of work. The organization is very popular. 
Repairs.-During the year the entire school plant has been carefully looked
over, and 
where repairs have been needed the same have been made, thereby placing the
school in 
excellent condition for the coming year. 
Employees.-The employees, with but few exceptions, have been faithful and
Their duties have been performed with zeal, and it gives me pleasure to thus
express my appreciation of their services and the important part they have
taken in 
making the past year so successful. All difficulties and differences have
been settled 
amicably without troubling you. 
N. B. RURE, Superintendent. 
WHITE EARTH AGENCY, MINN., August 15, 1905. 
During the year the enrollment reached 190, with an average attendance of
The capacity as rated is considerably less, but the care and cleanliness
the excellent ventilating facilities, and the precaution in admitting only
healthy chil- 
dren make it perfectly safe, as is proven by the sick room record. 
Health.-No children were received who had any eruptions or symptoms of disease
without the physician's certificate, and any symptoms developing were reported
to him 
and his instructions strictly carried out. There were three cases of pneumonia
and were cared for in the school; one had a tumor in the throat which proved
and three were permitted to go home temporarily on account of trivial ailments
pacify their parents. 
Transferred.-About forty of the largest pupils who attended the previous
year did 
not return, most of them going to nonreservation schools. There will be fewer
this year, but enough to make a large majority of our pupils very young,
as the new 
ones usually are kindergartners. 
Employees.-As there were no children detailed to remain at the school during
summer, all the work devolved upon the employees, and morning and evening
the teacher, 
carpenter, night watch, harnessmaker, etc., could be seen attired in rubber
boots and 
armed with milk pails and wending their way to the barnyard, or later in
the day with 
hoe, scythe, or scraper they were busy upon the plant or farm, even a lady,
the inter- 
mediate teacher, volunteering to take care of the chickens. The employees
surely deserve 
much credit for the hard labor performed by them, and especially for the
with which they did it. They have emphasized the fact that there is "
dignity in labor," 
and that that dignity does not consist in folding the arms and assuming "
dignity " 
while others perform the " labor." All have had their leave except
the superintendent, 
engineer, baker, and harnessmaker, who have been in the service but a short
Garden.-An especial effort was made to supply the school with all garden
and all except the potatoes are doing well. The potato crop, which promised
an abun- 
dant supply earlier in the season, owing to the extreme wet weather ceased
growing and 
Is now rotting rapidly. 
The children's gardens fell short of the desired end. The germinating in
the class 
room and the planting were well done, also the first weeding. But then school
and the work fell to the employees, and when the children return they will
reap, in 
the main, the results of the labor of others. The parents on this reservation
fairly well, but many of them leave Providence to do the rest. And the children,
it will 
be seen, do not get the lesson they need the most-the cultivating. 
Last year 400 head of good cabbage were raised and 3 barrels of kraut put
This year we hope to double the above. As the season is too short to mature
and tomatoes, we do not attempt to raise them in large quantities. 
Orchard.-The hardier apples, plums, and crabs can be raised here, we believe,
well as the berries. A tract of land has been Inclosed by a board fence,
and by dupli- 
cating this year's planting during the next two years the school will have
quite a credit- 
able orchard. 
Poultry.-The old carpenter shop was removed into the barnyard and placed
a stone basement, which is used for the hogs, and a part of the old shop
made into a 
chicken house. Were it not for the droves of ravenous dogs infesting the
I think our ideal, when we put in the 100 hens last winter, would have been
But as it is, our chicken industry has not been a success. We shall estimate
for some 
chicken netting for a fence before the advent of another season. 
Improvements-They were the removing of the old mess house and converting
into a woodshed; grading a road through the campus and covering it with broken

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