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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in California,   pp. 180-195 PDF (7.8 MB)


Page 187

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN CALIFORNIA.                187 
cants are necessarily refused rations, and the quantity allowed is not enough
for those who have no other means of support. 
Returned students are doing well, and by their influence and example exercise
a beneficial influence upon the Indians generally. 
Road work.-Each able-bodied Indian is required to work three days on the
roads annually, and those having wood contracts put in from two to thirteen
days additional time. The roads are thus kept in good condition, the work
being under the supervision of the farmer. Bridges have been repaired and
strengthened and a new one is now in the course of construction. 
Telephone communication with the nearest railroad station, 32 miles away,
is one of our great needs, and the construction of a Government line should
be authorized, as already requested. A local system connecting the various
buildings of the school and agency plant would be convenient, desirable,
and 
invaluable in case of fire. 
Timber sales.-Some illegal cutting of timber has been done ol the allot-
ments near the mouth of the Klamath River. It was investigated and stopped
by Mr. W. S. Wade, agent of the General Land Office, and myself. The matter
of damages is still pending. 
Training scool.-The past year has been satisfactory and successful, partic-
ularly in attendance and general results. Although unhealthy pupils were
excluded and large classes transferred to advanced schools the enrollment
was 
158, against 124 the year before. Much more than half of our attendance is
made up of Indian children not belonging to the Hoopa Valley Reservation,
many of whom would receive little or no education if this school were not
open 
to them. Their enrollment is entirely voluntary, and as a rule they appreciate
the advantages offered to them here., 
There were fewer runaways than usual during the year, and as a rule the 
pupils were happy and contented. Much interest was taken in football, base-
ball, military drill, basket ball, and other games and amusements. The swim-
ming pool was popular during the hot summer days. Some spirited athletic
contests helped keep up the interest. 
The work of the class-room teachers was handicapped by the lack of suitable
quarters, and they deserve great credit for the fine work accomplished under
adverse conditions. Miss Reel's course of study was followed as closely as
conditions here permitted. 
The destruction by fire of the school, building and assembly hall in May,
1904, 
and the lack of funds to rebuild made it necessary to remodel rooms unsuitable
and inadequate in size and use them for class-room purposes. Tables in the
dining room were crowded together and one end of it used for assembly pur-
poses. The arrangement is very unsatisfactory, and I have again strongly
renewed my request for the erection of a suitable building containing assembly
hall and class rooms, A new boys' dormitory should replace the presett one,
which was erected as a warehouse and has been patched up to answer until
a 
suitable building is available. 
A combined bakery and domestic-science cottage should also *be provided,
as the class in home cooking, in charge of the baker, is made a special feature
here, and such training is of great practical value to the girls. 
The class in hand-laundry work was carried on with good results by the 
laundress, the use of machinery to do the hard work giving her sufficient
time 
to instruct suitably the girls in this important branch of household work.
The culinary department of the school was conducted in the usual able man-
ner by Mrs. Spinks, who has filled the position since the establishment of
the 
school, over twelve years ago. The plentiful supply of butter and eggs and
the 
general excellence and variety of the food furnished the pupils is largely
due 
to her great interest in the general success of the school. The matron, Miss
Anna McDermott, deserves special credit for the excellent manner in which
all the domestic departments were conducted. 
Suitable exercises were held on the various holidays. The feature of the
Christmas entertainment which seems to make the strongest and most lasting
impression is the distribution to the pupils of gifts, candies, and fruits
pro- 
vided through the generosity of employees and friends of the school, to whom
thanks are due. A very creditable entertainment was gotten up on short notice
after the receipt of your telegram ordering the furlough of the employees
during 
June, and was given on May 30, just before the school closed. 
The moral education of the pupils received careful attention. Most of the
pupils were naturally well behaved and of good habits, but a few seemed to
have an inborn and almost irresistible tendency to steal, and heroic efforts
were 


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