University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in California,   pp. 180-195 PDF (7.8 MB)


Page 181

REPORTS CONCERNING INDIANS IN CALIFORNIA.               181 
so nicely. After all of the subsistence supplies were issued the old and
feeble 
Indians began to beg around the neighborhood. The people finally got tired
of seeing them almost every day, and shut their doors and told them to go
and 
beg somewhere else, so I gave them out of my private supplies enough to keep
all together, expecting an appropriation for the fiscal year 1906. But on
April 
18, 1905, I received a letter from the Indian Office stating that Congress
had 
made no appropriation for the Digger Indians in California for the fiscal
year 
of 1906. I informed the Indians there would be no money for us, and requested
that we enlarge our gardens and take good care of them and we would get 
along some way. They told me: " Heap hungry; no more give him."
Nine In- 
dians left the reservation and moved out close to the mining towns, so they
would have a better field. Some of the Indian children could not attend school
on account of not having suitable clothes to wear. I request and hope Con-
gress will make an appropriation for the fiscal year 1907 to feed the old
and 
feeble Digger Indians and the children that are left in their care. The old
and feeble should be fed and clothed and the children sent to school. 
Statistics are as follows: 
Total population (males, 12; females, 24)-----------------------------36
Males above 18 years of age -------------------------------------------7
Females above 14 years of age----------------------------------------12 
School children between ages of 6 and 16----------------------- -- 11 
Deaths during the year------------------------------------------     0 
Births during the year---------------------------------------------   2 
Marriages during the year0-----------------------------------------0 
Health during the year--------------------------------------Very good. 
Have no Government school on reservation. Six Indian children have the 
past year attended public sch6ol; seem to advance in their studies along
with 
the white children in their class. The other Indian children could not attend
school on account of not having suitable clothing to wear, there being no
funds available to purchase same. 
Each Indian family has a small garden to care for, in all about 3 acres.
From same they will harvest about 2,500 pounds potatoes; 420 pounds dry 
beans; 75 bushels of corn; 200 melons; 100 squashes, and 75 cabbages, besides
other vegetables, such as peas, tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, etc. The Indian
gardens are very well cared for; they are worked mostly by the Indian women.
They also do some basket making. Harvested five tons of volunteer hay to
feed* Government stock. The Indians harvested two tons for their own use.
Put up 100 rods of stock, rabbit, and chicken proof wire fence, part of it
around Indian gardens. They cut 8 cords of stove wood, which -they sold 
at $3.50 per cord. Indians used Government team 71 days hauling wood for
a neighbor, at $2 per day; plowed 12 days, at $1.50 per day; hauled grapes
to 
winery 2 days, at $1.50 per day, with board for man and team. 
I do not know how much the able-bodied Indians realize from their labor 
per year, living 5 to 15 miles from reservation where they seek employment.
They are self-supporting, working in harvest fields at $1.50 per day and
board 
and cutting wood at $1.50 per cord for 4-foot wood and $2.50 per cord for
stove wood, and other odd jobs, such as digging potatoes, husking corn, picking
hops and grapes, etc. They will get intoxicated at times. 
Government and Indian buildings are in good condition, except apple house.
Government stock, wagons, tools, etc., in good condition. Need clothing for
men, women, and children, seed grain to seed for grass to feed Government
stock, plowshares, garden hoes, and grindstone, as the one on hand is worn-out.
GEO. 0. GRIST, Additional Farmer, in Charge. 
REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF PAIUTES. 
FORT BIDWELL SCHOOL, CALIFORNIA, August 3, 1905. 
The total enrollment for the year was 79 pupils-55 boys and 24 girls-with
"an average attendance for the year of 57. As mentioned in my report
last 
year, "the low average"' was caused by the pupils not coming in
till late in 
the fall, many of them, especially the older boys, being out at work on the
ranches, while many of the smaller ones and the girls were in distant parts
of the mountains hunting and visiting, and did not return until inclement
weather drove them to towns for shelter. This state of affairs will always


Go up to Top of Page