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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
([1905])

Reports concerning Indians in Arizona,   pp. 156-180 PDF (12.1 MB)


Page 177

REPORTS CONCERNING         INDIANS IN    ARIZONA.            177 
Police court.-Forty cases were tried during the year by the Indian judges.
A majority of the cases tried were caused directly or indirectly by the use
of 
liquor. 
The civil authorities have given prompt and able assistance in arresting
offenders in liquor traffic, but when a United States judge imposes a sentence
of sixty days and $100 fine, with no provision made for working out the fine.
against an offender of twenty years standing, efforts are paralyzed and made
sport of. Three Indians were tried in the Territorial courts; one for murder,
receiving a sentence of -ten years. the others, charged with killing cattle,
were 
released on a technicality. Nine whisky sellers were convicted and sentenced.
One demented Indian has been sent to the asylum for insane Indians at Canton,
S. Dak. 
Mills.-The Goverment sawmill is situated 34 miles north on the Fort Apache
road. The quality of the timber is good, and the mill has proved of great
serv- 
ice in supplying lumber to the agency. It is operated by a force of six Indians
under the direction of a sawyer. The heavy floods of the winter, and the
fact 
that the mill has been without a sawyer since April 1, limited the output
to 
135,211 feet. 
A flour mill in connection with the pumping plant grinds wheat for the 
Indians, turning out a superior quality of flour. During the year, 96,145
pounds 
of wheat have been ground, and 58,400 pounds of barley rolled. 
Indian police.-The small pay allowed policemen makes frequent changes 
necessary. An Indian with a family will not remain long on $10 per month
when he is assured of $1.25 a day at other work. On the whole, the force
of 15 
privates and a captain, have proved efficient and faithful to 'duty. Three
pri- 
vates are stationed near Rice School, and 2 at the farning districts on the
Gila. The rest perform guard duty, supervise prisoners at work, and patrol
the 
reservation. 
The reservation of over 2,800 square miles is nearly all hilly, affording
half 
a million acres of timber land, and a million and a half for grazing purposes.
Indications of copper and iron are plentiful. Being an Executive order reser-
vation, no development of quarries or minerals can be made with a view of
utilizing the product off the reservation. This hampers the Indians somewhat
in becoming self-supporting and forces them to go some distance to obtain
work. 
It would seem that the law could be so amended that at least valuable build-
ing stone could be quarried, and a brick kiln established on the reservation
for 
the benefit of the Indians. 
LUTHER S. KELLY, Indian Agent. 
REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT OF SAN CARLOS SCHOOL. 
SAN CARLOS, ARIz., August 1, 1905. 
The summer of 1904 was spent in making such repairs and improvements on the
school 
plant as the limited amount of material available and the still more limited
force of 
workmen at command made possible. The school opened as usual September 1,
1904, 
with an attendance of 22 boys and 15 girls. By the end of the month the attendanie
had 
increased to 58 boys and 54 girls, the rated capacity of the school being
100 pupils. 
During the year there have been in attendance from time to time 61 different
girls and 65 
boys. All of these were Apaches, except some 5 or 6 Mohave-Apaches who live
at this 
place. 
On the afternoon of October 1 a fire broke out in the mess kitchen and was
soon 
communicated to other parts of the quadrangle of which this kitchen was a
part and 
to the 2-story girls' dormitory. In two hours the kitchens and dining rooms
used by the 
school children and the school mess, the bakery, two storerooms, the laundry,
ironing 
room, the small girls' dormitory, two linen rooms, the boys' wash room, the
2-story 
building usqd as a dormitory for the large girls and some of the employees,
and the 
sewing room, all located in or near the before-mentioned quadrangle, were
totally 
destroyed. The sewing room and ironing room were frame buildings, the former
being 
new. The quadrangle and the 2-story dormitory were of adobe, old, much out
of repair, 
and of little intrinsic value, but very necessary for the comfort of the
school. 
There was no injury to life, and comparatively little property was lost by
the fire, but 
it was of such a character and in such constant service that its usefulness
was far 
greater than its money value. But notwithstanding the almost total destruction
of all 
kitchen and dining-room utensils, the routiae of the school was in no way
disturbed by 
the disaster. With a single exception, and that while the fire was still
burning, not a 
bell failed to ring on time; not an exercise was delayed, omitted, or shortened.
For 
supper, the children were lined up and given bread and sirup in their hands;
for break- 
fast next morning, coffee was added to the menu. The range was dug out of
the 
ruins and fixed in temporary quarters; a tent was pitched for a dining room,
and two 
others served as sleeping quarters for the boys when the weather became cooler.
To meet 
Immediate necessities, the boys were turned out of their dormitories to give
place to the 
girls. For some days the boys were covered only by the canopy of heaven.
IND 1905---12 


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