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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in Arizona,   pp. 156-180 PDF (12.1 MB)

Page 171

There is no school, either Governnment or mission, on this reservation, al-
though there are about 100 children of school age growing up in ignorance.
Mr. J. G. Walker is the only trader on this reservation. Mr. Walker is a
blood Navaho Indian, and seems to be doing an honest, clean business. The
trading store that was formerly at a place on this reservation known as "The
Lakes" was closed in January by order of the Indian Office, and no attempt
been made to open it. The trading post of Mr. F. W. Volz, at Canon Diablo,
still running, although not licensed. There is another trading post about
miles above this agency, on the Little Colorado River, that is supposed to
just across the line of this reservation that should not be allowed to run,
as the 
proprietor sells the Indians whisky, gambles with them, and uses every means
possible to defraud and degrade them. This place should be closed and kept
closed at all costs. 
The health of the Indians of this reservation during the past year has been
generally good, considering the mode of living and the large amount of rain
severe weather. The deaths that have occurred have been mostly among the
small children and due generally to exposure in severe weather and lack of
proper medical treatment. A physician on this reservation could save many
lives if he was present to take the cases in time. 
In thq past year there has been but little progress made among the Indians
this reservation, although there has been some. Poor equipment and not 
enough of help and the fact that I came to the field a comparative stranger
ing the year are reasons for very little progress. 
We need on this reservation a fully equipped agency and a small boarding
school, also some development of water for irrigation purposes. 
Additional Farmer and Special Disbursing Agent. 
PHOENIX, ARIZ., August 31, 1905. 
The Phoenix school is situated on 160 acres of land 3 miles north of Phoenix,
and has an additional tract of 80 acres east of the school site. 
There were 826 pupils enrolled during the year, the average attendance being
720. These pupils came from* tour States and three Territories, 35 tribes
represented. Eighty-four per cent of the pupils are full blood, and 82 per
of all are from Arizona, considering the Navaho as belonging exclusively
to this 
During the year a steel tower with a 40,000-gallon tank was erected, and
4,000 feet of 4-inch cast-iron mains, together with fire hydrants, have been
in place at a cost of $7,000, greatly improving the water system and increasing
the fire protection. An additional 8-inch well, 200 feet deep, has been drilled
and connected with the wells furnishing the domestic water supply. A two-story
brick addition to the trades building, 37 by 79 feet, provides commodious
for the blacksmith and wagon shops, and leaves more room in the old building
for the carpenter, paint, and tin shops. An addition of brick, 20 by 35 feet,
been made to the boys' bath house, and 2,400 square feet of new cement sidewalk
have been laid. All the repair work and the general work of keeping up the
institution is performed by the pupils, and they had a part in all of the
building operations, under the direction of the school trades teachers. 
The class of 1905 numbered 14, the largest in the history of the school.
address by Hon. Joseph H. Kibbey, governor of Arizona, added much to the
interest of the commencement exercises. The plan of sending the advanced
pupils to school on alternate days has been an advantage to the industrial
departments and caused a more regular attendance at school. 
During the summer months a great many of the Indian boys and girls find 
employment in and around Phoenix, and generally give excellent satisfaction,
is evidenced by the fact that the demand always exceeds the supply. During
the school year many of the boys are permitted to work for wages on Saturdays,
but none are allowed to neglect their school duties for the purpose of earning
money. A limited number work for Phoenix families during the school year
their board and books, and attend the Phoenix public schools. 

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