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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I

Reports concerning Indians in Arizona,   pp. 156-180 PDF (12.1 MB)

Page 168

of agricultural land will be doubled and the necessity for more farmers 
Little Water school.-A detailed report by Mrs. Emma De Vore, superintendent
of the Little Water school, covering the work accomplished during the fiscal
at said school, is herewith inclosed, and makes it unnecessary for further
remarks from me. The enrollment at this school was satisfactory and the 
work accomplished good. Early in January a regular physician, Dr. William
B. Morrow, was appointed to take the place of the contract physician. His
work at the school and on the reservation has been attended with good results.
Navaho training school.-The Navaho training school had an enrollment of 
249-163 boys and 86 girls-with an average attendance of 227 for the year.
The school was filled to its utmost capacity in September, without its being
necessary to send representatives out on the reservation for a single day
the purpose of collecting pupils; while in the past it had been necessary
to keep 
employees out collecting pupils during the months of September and October.
Four class-room  instructors are employed, and the work in their department
has been excellent. The evening hour was devoted to the acquisition and 
proper use of English, and for this work the pupils of the three class rooms
were divided into six classes, the kindergartners not attending, and the
gartner, assistant superintendent, and disciplinarian were pressed in to
charge of the three extra rooms. The evening hour lasted but thirty minutes,
and during the year the school was practically transformed from Indian speak-
ing to English speaking. The boys have received instruction in blacksmith-
ing, wagon work, carpentry, shoemaking, engineering, farming, and gardening,
while the girls received training in cooking, housework, laundering, blanket
weaving, plain and fancy sewing. Satisfactory progress was made in all these
Crops under cultivation at the Navaho school are as follows: Six acres corn;
1  acres cabbage; 3j acres small garden stuff; 24 acres oats; 2 acres potatoes.
About 18 acres of the land sowed to oats was also sowed to alfalfa. At present
the outlook is favorable for a good yield of all the crops excepting alfalfa,
did not come up good. 
With the new shop building completed better training will be afforded the
boys in the trades than in the past. 
During the spring season about 300 shade trees were set out on the grounds.
most of which are living. These will greatly beautify the grounds and furnish
good shade. 
Health.-The health of the Navaho school has been excellent, but of the reser-
vation not so good. Dr. A. M. Wigglesworth was transferred from Fort Apache
to this agency December, 1904, and has very efficiently looked after the
of the school and reservation Indians. I quote below report from him. 
The Fort Defiance school made an enviable sanitary record for itself the
past winter. 
Cases of sickness were few and mild. This result must be attributed to the
care given 
the children by employees, for the season was severe. The old Indians suffered
although this is one of the most healthful tribes. 
The medical aspect of the Navaho does not differ from that of Indians in
general save 
in degree. Their independence, frugality, and isolation contribute to making
them resist- 
ant to disease. Eye disturbances are common on account of sun, dust, and
smoke. Vene- 
real diseases are rare in this agency. Tuberculosis is not prevalent, but
is increasing, 
and is always fatal when the lungs or meninges are involved. Infant mortality
is large, 
especially in summer, and is due to lack of care. 
Our Indians take kindly to treatment, but one must be prepared for many discourage-
ments. We fortunately have the Episcopal Mission hospital nearby for serious
or sur- 
gical cases. 
Personal hygiene is bad, but might be worse. Their dwellings and the ground
are kept swept clean of ddbris. Scant attention is paid to the water supply
and flies are 
ubiquitous. Medicine men are plentiful and largely patronized as a matter
of religious 
Distance from medical aid is a serious drawback, hence supply depots with
field ma- 
trons, or better yet, nurses in charge at distant points, would be of great
We need a sanitarium or place of some kind for the tuberculous. A spot for
of these cases to prevent widespread dissemination is necessary. A system
 of tents 
would suffice. Consumptive pupils are being sent back to the reservation
constantly with 
no provision made for their care. 
As a final suggestion, it seems fitting that physicians be required to make
special report 
of tubercular employees, as now applies only to those with venereal diseases.
Field matrons.-Mrs. Henrietta G. Cole and Miss Joanna Speer have been 
stationed at Chin Lee as field matrons. They have done some good, but field-
matron work among the Navaho is not a success owing to the fact that they
do not have permanent homes'and their habitations are such a great distance
apart that it is impossible for the matrons to visit their homes and instruct
them in housekeeping, cooking, etc., and it is my belief that farmers instead

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