United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1905, Part I
Reports concerning Indians in Arizona, pp. 156-180 PDF (12.1 MB)
164 REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. The population of the Havasupal Indians, according to the census roll of June 30, 1905, is 174, divided as follows: Males------------------------------------------------------103 Females --71 Males over 18 years of age 57 Females over 14 years of age- 43 Children between 6 and 16- 56 The Havasupai Indians have a system of farming in a measure peculiar to this canyon, and while much can be done to lead them away from their slovenly methods of farming, I find that two or three hundred years of experience with wind and flood has taught them Inany things the white man has to learn as well, even though he is obliged to learn them from an Indian. For example, there is not a 15-year-old schoolboy in the village, if one were to undertake to build and anchor any sort of water-wheel contrivance in Cataract Creek, but what would say, "crazy, no good," and yet agents, coming into the canyon for a few hours, grasp the whole situation so entirely that turbine wheels and electrical plants, are recommended with the utmost confidence as to their practicability. Either contrivance would have-been floating about in the gulf of California more than once during the last twelve months. The health of these Indians has been good the past year. The decrease in population of about 37 in the last fifteen months is almost wholly due to the above-mentioned scourge of measles. A few very old Indians also have died. There have been but few births. The morals of the Havasupai Indians, I think, will compare favorably with any tribe in the United States, or for that matter with most white communities. Not a drop of liquor, so far as we know, has been drank on the reservation. Not a complaint of theft, and only one or two frivolous broils or fights. They pay their debts with scrupulous exactness. We lay their excellent habits to their seclusion and remoteness from the influences of the white man. I am told 'they have no " cuss" words in the Havasupai language. The Havasupal have always been self-supporting. ALBERT W. FLOREN, Superintendent. REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF MOQUI. KEAMS CANYON, ARiz., June 30, 1905. This agency is located 85 miles northwest of Holbrook, Ariz., from which point all supplies are hauled by Indian freighters. Moqui training school.-The attendance for the year averaged 168. The plant is new and in good condition, with the exception of the water pipes, which, owing to the nature of the soil, rust out very rapidly. A cottage for the super- intendent is in process of construction. Needs.-A cottage for the physician, and a modern hospital building are among our most urgent needs. Literary and industrial work.-The literary and industrial work have been good during the year and much has been accomplished. The ground covered has been practically the first six years' work as outlined in the course of study for Indian schools. Employees.-The employees have been diligent and faithful and compare favorably with any group of employees in the service. Reservation needs.-New roofs are needed oin the stables at the day schools and at Oraibi a better means of water supply should be provided. We need better roads between the different schools and between Keams Canyon and our railroad point. It is almost impossible to improve the road to Hol- brook, and we have but one remedy-to make Winslow the railroad point for the reservation. Navaho sehool.-There should be a school established for the Navaho some- where on the northern part of the reservation, the capacity of the Moqui school not being sufficient for both Hopi and Navaho. Progress. -Progress has necessarily been slow as these Indians are loath to part from old tribal customs. They are fairly good laborers and many of them are very willing to work.
As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright