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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1904, Part I
([1904])

Report concerning Indians in Iowa,   pp. 209-211 PDF (1.4 MB)


Page 210

210 
REPORT CONCERNING INDIANS IN IOWA. 
of an excellent steel bridge, affords an easy passage to the Indians over
the river, 
also affording them a good road to Tama and Montour, where these people do
a large 
part of their trading. 
Some of these people are beginning to appreciate the fact that in these rich
alluvial 
bottom lands they have a goodly heritage, which is evidenced by the fact
that each 
succeeding year sees more land brought under cultivation, better methods
being used, 
and more attention given to the cultivation of corn and forage crops than
heretofore. 
It is a subject of common remark that the Indians have the best prospect
for a full 
crop of corn this year that has been apparent on the reservation for many
years. 
The acreage under cultivation by them is estimated by the additional farmer
to be 
550 acres, almost the entire area of which promises to be a good average
of the county 
in which the reservation is located. This crop was planted in better time
and was 
better cultivated than any previous crop in the history of these people,
plainly indi- 
cating the progress that is being made, agriculturally, by them. 
As a further evidence of the advancement made during the year 1904 by these
peo- 
ple I very respectfully invite a comparison of the report of 1903 with that
submitted 
for the present year. As stated above, they have- 
In cultivation this year: 
Field corn.   .     .    .     .    ..-------------------------------------acres.-
550 
Sweet corn, squaw corn, et(. .       ..---------------------------do-- 75
Tame hay.      .      .     .      ..---------------------------------------do-
- - 40 
Oats.     .     .     .     .     .   ..-------------------------------------------.do_-.-
20 
On their farms: 
Farm wagons.        .        .        ..------------------------------------------
70 
Spring wagons.      .        .        ..------------------------------------------
30 
Buggies and carriages.      .        ..------------------------------------
15 
In their homes: 
Cook stoves and heaters.    .     .      ..---------------------------------35
Sewing machines.      .       .       ..---------------------------------------30
Telephones...---------------------------------------------1 
Typewriters.       .        .        ..--------------------------------------------1
On their premises: 
Horses.        .         ...------------------------------------------------75
Ponies (Indian).    .      .     .      ..---------------------------------------255
Cattle.        .        .        ..-----------------------------------------------
1-11 
Hogs.       .       .        .       ..-------------------------------------------------61
Chickens.     .      .      .     ..---------------------------------------------525
Other poultry.     .       .     .      ..------------------------------------------75
Factional discord is being gradually relegated to the past, and only an occasional
outburst is apparent on the surface, and were it not for the malign influence
of cer- 
tain parties who profit by keeping this factional fight alive it would soon
be a matter 
of history of the past. Their advancement may appear very slow to the person
who 
is constantly in close association with them, but to the individual whose
visits occur 
only once in two or more years the progress is more plainly apparent. 
In their social and domestic relations the Indian customs still pievail,
and while 
their laws in regard to' marriage and divorce are still the law of the tribe
the latter 
is of much rarer occurrence than heretofore, and but a single case has fallen
under 
my observation within the past year. 
The law prohibiting the sale of intoxicating liquors to Indians has been
so enforced 
in the past that no infraction of said law has occurred within the year of
which I 
could obtain sufficient information to convict the offender; hence no inforniation
has 
been filed and no suits brought against offenders, either in the Federal
or State 
courts. While doubtless some liquors have been surreptitiously sold to the
Indians, 
I have not been able to secure evidence sufficiently direct to convict the
guilty 
parties. 
One murder has been committed on the reservation since my last report, the
vic- 
tim being John Seepo (See po wa sa moah), who was a member of the police
force 
of the agency and who was most heartily disliked by certain members of the
tribe, 
who trained with the retrogressive element. I do not accept the-theory that
he was 
murdered because of his connection with the police, but because of personal
dislike 
and jealousy. The young woman with whom he was sitting, near the bank of
the 
Iowa River, gave evidence that a certain young man approached him from behind
and threw him into the river, but did not see him strike Seepo. 
When notified of this occurrence I immediately summoned an officer and repaired
to the scene of the tragedy, found the girl who was with the murdered man
when 
the crime was committed and placed her in charge of the additional farmer,
and 


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