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Information bulletin
(January 1952)

Dueling in universities,   pp. [37]-41 PDF (3.1 MB)

Page [39]

1, piotest against police raid, fraternity members flaunt
li it "colors," consisting of little round caps and ribbons.
(,,iAs was not subject to the disciplinary jurisdiction
ot university presidents, "whose interference would harm
n students' sense of justice."
m;onle examples may serve as an explanation of frater-
tiit practices and throw an interesting light on the
i;(Iliods employed by the "armed fraternities."
T'lheory: All fraternities, both denominational and
i, stated in letters to the Conference of West Ger-
roim University Presidents that they stand for parlia-
miiy democracy and promote a feeling of political
i ionsibility among their members. They maintained
Ihti politically they are completely neutral and absolutely
Io  l(,I nt.
facts: In Marburg, the first officer of the Wingolf
t,'ninity said in November 1950: "It is a shame and a
pits low democratic German youth is again. We believe
ill te principle of subordination!''
\ ('OBURG, A FORMER Prussian state representative
I kieregate said at a meeting of a fraternity association:
"' I I' armed fraternities are more important than the trade
aminois! They have gone from glorification to defamation
(ji Ihack up several times, but they will exist as long
is5 C'rmany does, which means forever. In that sense,
it is, up to the German armed fraternities to solve the
prollem of 'Cross' or 'Hammer and Sickle!"'
theory: In February 1951, delegates from all fraterni-
li in West Germany signed a declaration, stating that
[I-v would admit members without any social or racial
itlimination. Two associations delayed their signatures
*o, uis long as five months, because they had certain ob-
j(t tiions to admission without racial discrimination. They
liltll1y signed, however.
lacts: In Cologne, a fraternity asked a candidate for
ilwiihership about his race, explaining, "You know, Jews
iie not Germans."
II Marburg, the criminal police are investigating the
se of a fraternity which told its prospective members:
I ivou have no Jewish grandparents, you can join."
Also at the Free University of Berlin, small but exclu-
sive and active circles plan to take up fencing.
In Munich, students sang the Horst Wessel song. When
another student asked them to stop it, they replied with
insults against the Occupation Powers, the Jews and the
clergy. (The incident had been reported previously in
Die Neue Zeitung.)
Theory: All fraternities say that they do not recognize
any special student or academic code of honor. "The fra-
ternities believe that any concept of honor can be based
only on the general dignity of man," according to the
March copy of a fraternity journal. "They consequently
reject the belief in the superiority of any race, faith or
social standing."
Facts: Konrad Grueninger, a government official and
fraternity alumnus, in the Deutsche Universitaetszeitung:
"It is a justified social phenomenon that such leader
groups (i.e., university graduates) should seek to draw a
line between themselves and the popular masses by
establishing special codes of morals and honor, and by
selecting certain social formalities and insignia."
because fraternity and non-fraternity students went
to the same folk festival. The same happened to the chair-
man of the (non-fraternity) socialist student organization,
because he was accused of dealing with fraternities.
A Rhein-Franken fraternity officer in charge of train-
ing young candidates explained the student code of
honor this way: "If one of you fellows tells a street-
sweeper he is a swine, he can't do anything to you, be-
cause that guy hasn't got an honor."
One candidate was not admitted to a fraternity, be-
cause it was found that his father, a vocational school
teacher, made "only" DM 500 a month.* In order to ef-
fect a "certain selection," some fraternities are charging
monthly dues of DM 25.
A Goettingen fraternity did not admit a student of
theology because he could not stand the required amount
of drinking.
A good salary for Ihe middle class in Germany today.
Interruption of dueling activities as result of police raid
is discussed by bicycle-riding students on way to classes.

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