Ware, George W.
Porcelain, old and new, pp. 29-35 PDF (3.9 MB)
aesthetically trained or the sophisticated. However, almost anyone who develops an interest in porcelain and has good taste, a good eye, and is willing to do a reasonable amount of studying, consulting and observing, should soon be able to make creditable selections. At the same time he will begin to realize that porce- lain, which is only one segment of the whole field of ceramics, is so extensive in itself that it is desirable, if not necessary, to concentrate his studies on one par- ticuldr aspect of this broad field. For example, some may desire to collect teapots of all shapes, sources and ages; others only figurines, while some may -collect almost anything of a certain factory or mark, a specific period, or a definite style, color or composition. The opportunities for collecting porcelain are almost un- limited in Germany. There is no direct or sure method for the average person to follow in achieving expert proficiency in a short time; but like all other hobbies, there are some basic criteria and practices which will be found helpful. The beginner should observe the following: 1. Acquire standard books, magazines and catalogs on the general subjects and add more specialized ones as interest and taste develop. 2. Study the photographs of famous pieces as it is im- possible to see all of the originals. Glossy pictures of artistic porcelain can be purchased from museums or photographic agencies and most public libraries have books on porcelain containing illustrations. 3. Visit shops, exhibits, auctions, museums and private collections and learn to distinguish the good from the bad. The habit of close critical observation must be developed. 4. Study the porcelain factory marks. Although they are often an unreliable clue to identification, a working knowledge of them is necessary. 5. Buy a few representative authentic pieces from un- questionable sources and use them as a basis for com- parison with the items sought. 6. Cultivate an acquaintance or friendship with persons who are interested and experienced in porcelain - col- lectors, dealers, exhibitors and, if possible, ceramic specialists in museums, They are usually willing to ad- vise and some may take pride in actually assisting. Table set in German fashion. Modern. (CnrSers Q--1a-lUr -- I-.-011a- f- MTrade darks of Old (18th Century) Factor EISSEN (DRESDEN) 1710 TO DATE X 2 X i 17I 1i1 1722 3 172-0 725 TO 176i IS A A >; 8TXA 1r1OX9 10 17?4 -i 1s Lai$ 70 1560 1 -60 -1924 110i HOCHST 174.6-96 NYMPHENBURG 1747 TO DAl 7 , 0 2o . 22 ,, 2* 71 26 I ~685 Q) a759572,8*0 82256 FORSTENBERG 1747- 59 . BERLIN KPM 1751 TO DATE 3* 0 rO DAT!J0 18 I J(ItK P Nt FRANKENTHAL 1755-99 LUDWIG',BURG 1758l1b24 9#1~~~~~~~M MSB ...~ s ..i. 6 Z 75; 1762-5 07859 AS$-OT 2N76* 7 5 2 3 580-*DC71750 90.04 ANSBACH 1757 1860 60THA 1757 VOLKSTEDT- RUDOLSTADT, 1760 TODATE $ 09 KLOSTER -VEILSDORF 1760 TO FULDA 1763-80 WALLENDORF 1764MT i! Is * DATE _ 2L 6r$ * s u ,DAT MLENAU 1777 TO GERA 1779 TO DATE RAUENSTEIN 1783 TO EISEI s O DATE To 7* 7 DATE 66 Trade marks of Germany's old or 18th century factor are three-fifths their normal size. They are arrang chronologically. Most of them are blue under the gla but some are in other colors. A few of them are impress THE OBSERVATION OF AT LEAST six factors Pi Tbe found helpful in judging the quality and auth. ticity of a piece of porcelain. 1. The factory mark, usually appearing on the bott of the piece, is a good clue but not a guarantee of I origin. Marks are generally reliable but some pieces i falsely marked, others are copies, while some have mark at all. The principal trade marks-shown in I accompanying charts-may be helpful. 2. The body or paste of the material reveals its textu degree of whiteness, translucency and general physi quality. A good piece is fine-grained, uniform in co] and reasonably free from defects. However, early Meism and Vienna, and perhaps some other porcelains, have green tone, are irregular in texture and translucent and often possess light spots (called "moons" or "tare when viewed by transmitted light. JUNE
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