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Information bulletin
No. 133 (April 20, 1948)

Editorial opinion in German press,   pp. 9-13 PDF (2.9 MB)


Page 13


decision to reduce supplements was
not adequately publicized by the
Ministry of Food. During the first four
days of the 110th ration period the
workers could not buy all the supple-
mentary food they had been promised,
and offlicial assurances failed to allay
the suspicion that their extra food
would be curtailed.
Wildcat strikes broke out in several
cities. 8,000 workers in Munich ceased
work on Jan. 7., only resuming after
the Minister of Agriculture pledged
that all rations would be met. In In-
golstadt, the sanrw day, 3,000 railway
repair shop workers refused to work.
On Jan. 9, about 4,000 workers-of the
municipal street railways walked off
their jobs in defiance of their trade
union leaders and works councils, and
several hundred office workers in
Munich banks, insurance companies,
and wholesale trade firms ceased
work for the remainder of the day out
of sympathy for the trolly men.
In Nuremberg on Jan. 7, 8, and 9,
about 6,000 workers participated in a
series of sporadic work stoppages to
hold protest meetings in the shops
against rumored reductions in food
rations. Four large plants were affected.
A decision by the Ministry of Food
and Agriculture in the Bizonal Area
to issue no fat during the second half
of the 110th ration period, but to sub-
stitute a double amount of sugar, was
accepted by the Bavarian government.
However, even before official con-
firmation of this action a second wave
of "wildcat' strikes broke out.
T HE EXECUTIVE Board and Exe-
cutive Committee of the Bavarian
Trade Union Federation met on Jan. 17
in Munich and decided to give the
government a last chance to pledge
effective measures foramorethorough
collection and better distribution of
foodstuffs. The federation demanded
total control of the entire food pro-
duction; total control of all manu-
factured goods for every-day use; fair
distribution of the controlled food
stuffs and consumer goods under
responsible  consumer  supervision;
immediate closing of all luxury res-
taurants, and severe punishment for
black marketeers.
The Bavarian government's reply to
the trade union ultimatum was read
over Radio Munich on Jan. 19. Trade
Unionists were offended, since no
copy was officially delivered to their
leaders.
The reply afforded them no satis-
faction. It denied inactivity on the
part of the Bavarian government and
enumerated measures taken or con-
templated to maintain the ration. The
government could not "submit to an
ultimatum," the reply stated, but
would welcome cooperation of the
trade unions and other groups in try-
ing to solve current problems.
The Nuremberg district committee
of the Bavarian Metal Workers' Union
called an open-air meeting on Jan. 21
to protest the inadequacy of the
government answer. Thirty thousand
persons gathered in the main market
square, some carrying posters inscrib-
ed: "No Eats No Work;" "We De-
mand the Resignation of the Bavarian
Government," and "We Want a United
Germany." The orderly crowd adopted
several resolutions which included a
demand for the government's resig-
nation.
T RADE UNION leaders felt that the
rising dissatisfaction of the work-
ers demanded united action. The Fede-
ration Executive in Munich drafted a
reply to the government's radio-public-
ized communication, reiterating the
charge that "huge quantities" of food-
stuffs were pouring from the farms
into the black market. The trade
unions, they said, could cooperate
with the government in solving the
food crisis only if their proposals
were not merely heard, but also given
consideration.
A decision to call the general pro-
test demonstration then was made,
24 votes against 2. The two dissenters
were CSU members.
The walkout was set for the next
day and publicized as extensively as
possible. Because of communications
difficulties, however, many workers
did not hear of the decision until they
were told at the gates of their factories
the next morning. Orderly mass meet-
ings were held in most of the big
cities.
The Bavarian government, impress-
ed apparently by the workers' display
of solidarity, responded with promises
of cooperation.
Gemnans Are Advised
To Be Thankful to US
"One should thank the Americans
on one's knees for staying here, be-
cause otherwise others would come
whom we don't like to see," Dr. Josef
Baumgartner, former Bavarian food
minister, told the first mass rally of
the Bavarian Party in Lower Bavaria.
The policy of the Bavarian Party,
which he recently joined, the ex-
minister said, was European and not
purely Bavarian. Baumgartner an-
nounced that the party would fight
against the so-called "Reich Parties"
and would found state and local level
parties in other parts of Germany.
He disclaimed any hatred of the
Prussians and said that every efficient
non-Bavarian would be welcomed,
provided he would stand by Bavaria.
1CD's News of Germany.
Churchmen Cooperate
In an effort to produce greater co-
operation between the two churches,
leading  Catholic  and  Protestant
churchmen initiated a program de-
signed to present a united church
front in Hesse.
Representing almost 3,000,000 Hes-
sians, the churchmen reached agree-
ment on a common policy regarding
the place of church and state, land
reform, pastoral care in prisons, state
subsidies, and denazification.
APRIL 20, 1948
INFORMATION BULLETIN
Passage of laws carrying sen-
tences ranging up to death for
black marketeers and hoarders
of manufactured goods were
demanded   by   approximately
3,000 works councillors at a
meeting Jan. 15 in Nuremberg,
The councillors also demanded
severe punishment for German
government officials who failed
to enforce food laws, and cre-
ation of inspection committees
to ferret out hoarded goods in
factories and on farms.
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