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Information bulletin
No. 133 (April 20, 1948)

Editorial opinion in German press,   pp. 9-13 PDF (2.9 MB)

Page 9

President Truman's address to Con-
gress, calling for the temporary revival
of the draft and of universal military
training, was prominently displayed
in the German press of the US Zone.
The reactions, however, varied be-
tween the extremes of personal liking
for Mr. Truman to a coolness by some
of the more ardently pacifist papers.
Main-Echo (Aschaffenburg) said:
"President Truman's words are the
clearest rejection of the policies of
the Kremlin that was ever voiced.
They are a warning, backed by the
demand for reintroduction of UMT,
a warning addressed to Russia not to
cross the absolute limits of what the
western world will bear."
Frankfurter Neue Presse said: "Pres-
ident Truman had the courage to
call a spade a spade, and to demand
measures that have become neces-
sary: namely, that the taxpayer dig
deeply into his pocketbook (though
Mr. Truman knows that this cannot
be of advantage to him personally so
shortly before the elections), ad
secondly, conscription . . .
"As sober observers of these facts,
we can only say we have respect for
a man who follows his conscience!"
Muenchener Merkur asked: "Is the
world immediately threatened by war?
The answer to this is 'no.' But it
cannot be denied that in America,
too, forces are increasing that no
longer believe in the possibility of
peaceful adjustment of interests with
the Soviet Union . . . The peace of
the world or the infliction of war on
it are up to the present Russian
rulers, They pretend to be determined
opponents of war."
Nordsee - Zeitung  (Bremerhaven)
warned of a pacifism that ignores the
meaning of power:
"Henry Wallace, third-party can-
didate for US President gave an ex-
ample of this when he opposed UMT
With the argument that 'a just case
is worth more than a hundred ar-
mies   .' "Justice" has kept nobody
Out of concentration camps and gas
chambers - neither did "justice"
APRIL 20, 1948
protect Petkov, Maniu, and Masaryk
(leaders of Communist opposition In
Bulgaria, Rumania, and Czechoslova-
kia, respectively).
"President Truman has demonstrat-
ed by his speech that unrealistic pac-
ifism that was about to again en-
danger peace has been definitely re-
placed by a realistic one. The lines
of US policy in the future will be
determined not by .... Henry Wallace
but by the very resolute words with
which Truman demanded the safe-
guarding of peace through power."
"Offenbaci-Post" said:
"Time and again the world has had
to listen to usually pretty long
speeches of so-called leading states-
men. But now the man who stands at
the head of the most powerful nation
on earth has spoken with the clear
language of the man in the street,
free from diplomatic double-talk, in
full consciousness of the world-po-
litical situation...
Sueddeutsche  Zeitung  (Munich)
without directly referring to Mr. Tru-
man's message, said:
"It would be vain to try to answer
the question how it is possible that
one talks of a new war while the
wounds of the old one are not yet
healed .... We wanted to learn to
respect our neighbor and his opinion,
to serve peaceful democratic construc-
tion, to free ourselves from feelings
of revenge.... And all that is already
out of daTe. For the-46nGals every-
where are beating the war drums..."
Winfried Martini, in the Ober-
bayerisdces Volksblatt (Rosenheim),
"One of the most interesting details
in Mr. Truman's address was the
passage in which he declared it to be
of decisive importance that the US
occupation troops stay in Germany
'until the peace of Europe is assured.'
So the original purpose of the occu-
pation seems to be considerably en-
larged if not actually changed. That
may be favorable to us in a way but
is not without disquieting aspects..."
Leftist Germzns
Frankfurter Rundschau argued against
leftist Germans who oppose the Mar-
shall Plan:
"It is a hopeless illusion to believe
that we can get out of our rut without
foreign aid . . . No political propa-
ganda will ever be able to convince
us that the Marshall Plan is anything
but the sole way to normalization of
life in Germany . . ."
"After our experiences under Hitler,
an austere life without terror seems
more worth while to us than a life
that promises economic security with-
out personal liberty."
"Most Rated Man"
Schwaebische Landeszeitung (Augs-
burg) called Gen. Walter von Unruh
"the most hated man of the last years
of the war." It was the task of this
"ambitious officer who was fanat-
ically devoted to Hitler's ideology"
to travel from-town to town in his
elegant private train and to press the
sickly and "indispensable," who had
escaped the draft, into the Army:
"When a hospital physician said:
'Please, Herr General, may I call your
attention to the fact that this man still
has an open stomach ulcer' he was
told: 'The fellow looks as if he could
pull out trees; do you perhaps want
to sabotage the orders of theFuehrer?'
"Those were the methods of Unruh.
. . .Now he will have to stand trial
President Truman's Talk to Congress
Editor's Note
This section is devoted to
authentic translations of editorials
and reports in the German press.
The publishing of these trans-
lations is Intended to inform the
readers among the occupational
forces of what the Germans are
writing and thinking, and not nec-
essarily to give any concurrence
to their views and opinions.
T~ -

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