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Information bulletin
No. 126 (January 13, 1948)

Review of 1947,   pp. [3]-[24] PDF (15.2 MB)

Page 22

opposed to the communistic system.
Only the official media of Military
Government engaged in this program.
The poliomyelitis epidemic in Ber-
lin continued its decline. A moderate
increase occurred in the US Zone but
was widely distributed.
As of the end of October 17,650
workers and 8,166 dependents had
been transported to Belgium under
the resettlement project for miners.
However, 3,357 had been returned to
the US Zone for various reasons.
The extremely grave power situ-
ation resulting from the drought con-
tinued through October, causing hy-
drogeneration to fall to the lowest
level since the start of the occupation
and to be sufficient only for 31 per-
cent of the US Zone's consumption.
The index of industrial production
for the US Zone in October showed
only slight improvement, reaching
49 percent of the 1936 average. The
prolonged drought caused a power
shortage which severely curtailed
operations in many plants.
Food imports for October amounted
to 285,778 metric tons.  Flour and
grain shipments from the United States
accounted for 94 percent of the total.
Hard coal production in the British
Zone rose during October to a new
daily record of 254,922 metric tons
on Oct. 27. Absenteeism declined and
the number of manshifts worked rose
to 274,380. However, tonnage pro-
ducivity per man per shift declined
about two percent during the month.
A S A RESULT of an announced re-
duction in the fat ration, woTk-
ers struck Nov. 7 at the Munich
railroad repair shops.  The strike,
which was not called by the union,
later spread to operating departments
but was settled the following day
when the workers were assured that
the reduction would not take place.
A total of 17,700,000 gift relief par-
cels from the United States had been
received in Germany from the incep-
tion of this service in June 1946 to
Nov. 10, 1947.
PCIRO relieved the military per-
sonnel on Nov. 15 and assumed direct
responsibility for the administration
of the US emigrant collecting points
in Berlin, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Munich,
and Bremen.
The US-controlled radio stations
featured news items and statements
on the processing of the Marshall
Plan for European recovery and the
US emergency aid.
A weekly series of radio speeches,
"Freedom versus Totalitarianism," by
leading Americans in Germany were
carried over the US-controlled radio
stations. (For the texts of these talks,
see issues of the WIB for November
and December.)
The Bizonal Executive Committee
informed the Lower Saxony Land
government that the allocations of
imported grains would be cut to com-
pensate for the large, unauthorized
distribution of potatoes in that Land
to its population.
About 9,000 metric tons of Cuban
sugar arrived Nov. 23 in Bremen as
the first shipment of 200,000 tons
being imported for use of the Ger-
mans in the Bizonal Area.
Continuous rainfall during the latter
half of November brought an end to
the critical shortages induced by the
severe late summer drought. The
levels of the inland waterways began
to rise, permitting resumption of
barge  traffic.  Hydrogeneration  of
electric power almost doubled in two
In November, 212,600 metric tons of
grain and flour were imported into
the Bizonal Area. Also the area im-
ported 1,675 tons of whale oil from
theUnitedStates, 2,450 tons of cocoa-
nut oil from the United Kingdom,
2,950 tons of dried milk from the
United States, 5,850 tons of potatoes
from Poland, 18,500 tons of sugar from
Cuba, and 9,185 tons of fish from the
United Kingdom.
The Ruhr hard coal output during
November attained another occupation
high, rising to a daily average of
279,474 metric tons, an increase of
12 percent over the October rate.
QUADRIPARTITE agreement pro-
hibiting the transmission of to-
bacco or tobacco products through
international postal service into Ger-
many from all countries became
effective Dec. 1.
To implement the Anglo-American
recommendations on the Ruhr coal
production, a German coal manage-
ment, responsible to the new Bizonal
Coal Control Group, was set up by
MG ordinance. Its headquarters, un-
der bipartite control, was established
in Essen, North Rhine/Westphalia.
Licenses for the distribution of
motion pictures in the US-occupied
areas were granted to eight German
firms, one US association, and one
British company. Similar licenses had
been granted these distributors for the
British Zone.
A revised rationing report for non-
food items was adopted in all Laender
of the US Zone. It was to provide
uniform and comparable data on each
Lands monthly consumption of four
key categories: textiles, footwear, to-
bacco, and soap and soap products.
Four German mints were reopened
under quadripartite supervision for
coining small denomination currency
to relieve the current shortages.
An interzonal secretariat of the
trade unions federations in the Bi-
zonal Area was established in Frank-
furt to provide a means of considering
labor problems of a bizonal nature.
The developments of the London
Conference of the Council of Foreign
Ministers were disseminated to the
Germans of the US Zone by DENA,
US-licensed news service, from its
reporters in London and from other
news agencies, and by the US-con-
trolled radio stations.
Courses in religion were required
for all pupils in the Bavarian element-
ary, vocational, intermediate, and
secondary schools. However, in order
to justify the Land constitution's free-
dom-of-religion clauses, the Education
Ministry listed eight rules governing
exemptions from this required subject.
To detect early signs of the devel-
opment of an outbreak of influenza
during the winter, "listening posts"
have been established, with Land
laboratories equipped to perform spe-
cial virus diagnostic tests.
Christmas parties for German chil-
dren in the US-occupied areas con'
stituted a major seasonal activity
among the Americans in Germany
(See page 25 of this issue.)
13 JANUARY -944

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