No. 126 (January 13, 1948)
Review of 1947, pp. - PDF (15.2 MB)
D January THE AGREEMENT between the governments of the United States and the United Kingdom for the eco- nomic fusion of their zones in Ger- many formally came into effect at the start of the year, but the way was left permanently open for the entryof the French and Soviet Zones at any time their occupying governments desired to accept the original in- vitation. Five functional US-UK Zone groups -communications, economics, finance, food and agriculture, and transpor- tation-already had been in operation. A sixth-civil service-was inaugu- rated in order to insure that the staffs of the bizonal agencies would be selected on the basis of standards which were reasonable, fair, and im- partial. A coalition government in Land Hesse, headed by Christian Stock (SPD), was agreed on at a caucus of the Social Democratic Party and Christian Democratic Union. The Ger- man Communist and Liberal Demo- cratic parties were not included. The SPD-CDU coalition controlled 66 out of the 90 Landtag mandates and the ministerial posts were equally divided between the two parties. The Hessian Ministry of Labor and Welfare issued new regulations con- cerning public and private correc- tional schools forjuveniledelinquents, whereby democratic self-government, vocational training, and abolition of corporal punishment were provided. The hoard of RM 2,500,000,000, found by the US Army in the Merker's salt mine in Thuringia during the early days of the occupation and held in the MG deposit with the Frankfurt Reichsbank, was turned over to the custody of the trustee for the Reichs- bank in the US Zone. This money was designated for use only to replace mutilated currency. Christmas vacations for most schools throughout the zone were prolonged chiefly because of the extreme cold weather and the lack of space-heating fuels. US-controlled radio stations gave special attention to the announce- ments from Washington of the appoint- ments of General George C. Marshall as US Secretary of State and of Lt. Gen. Lucius D. Clay as successor to General Joseph T. McNarney as Euro- pean Theater commander and Military Governor. Thornton Wilder's "The'Skin of Our Teeth" was adjudged the most in- teresting play presented in Munich since the start of the occupation be- cause of its philosophy on destruction and reconstruction. Non-German Europeans, formerly closely affiliated with German cartel interests, were blocked in their endeavors to renew ties with old WINTER-(Left) Neckar River frozen over at Heidelberg In January, halting all water traffic. (Right) Memorial Bridge over the Weser River at Bremen torn out in March by ice floes and rising water. (Signal Corps) This Review is assembled from official data taken from: Monthly Reports of the Mili- tary Governor, Nos. 19 to 29. Weekly/Semimonthly Military Government, Reports. Nos. 58 to 81. Weekly Information Bulletin, Issues No. 74 to 125.
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