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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 101 (July 1947)

New role in MG courts,   pp. 4-5 PDF (1.3 MB)


Page 5


In addition, there is one clemency
board in each of the Laender, plus
the OMGUS Clemency Board, whose
jurisdiction embraces the entire US
Zone of Occupation. The latter has
heard  363 cases in   11 sessions.
Certain cases were specifically re-
ferred to it by MG legal officers. The
largest number of cases (174) have
been weapons cases; while the second
highest in number (64) have involved
Fragebogen problems.
W EAPONS cases are numerous but
v      usually involve technical viola-
tions having no sinister motive. Many
farmers and hunters hid guns for
their own use and did not surrender
them in 1945. The original guide set
for sentence in weapons cases was
severe-10 years for unlawful posses-
sion. Large numbers of persons con-
victed under this law now are appear-
ing before clemency boards.
As MG courts move toward their
goal  of  increasing  the  respon-
sibilities of the German authorities
they see a need for indoctrinating
American concepts into the minds of
those Germans charged with the ad-
ministration of justice. German pro-
secutors versed in the American
approach and procedure are very
scarce. One Legal Officer has ar-
ranged for young, promising Germans
to work with American prosecutors
and later as prosecutors before MG
courts. Watching the procedure in
the MG courts, such "trainees" are
gaining invaluable experience for
later work in their own German
courts. Education of German lawyers
and law students is a long process
and under present handicaps is very
difficult.
One of the most effective ways of
educating the Germans in our concept
of democratic justice is through the
MG courts. That is one of the main
reasons why each of these courts
should be zealous to see that those
concepts are followed in the consi-
deration of cases before them.
(ARMY SIGNAL CORPS photos)
MG Court in Frankfurt. (Below) A
view of the MG court room at the
Military Government building, Nu-
remberg. Today, MG Courts are acting
more as civil than military courts.
14 iJIULY 1947
14 IJULY 1947                                         5                 
          WEEKLY INFORMATION BULLETIN
I
-___ ---  II-. .- ---~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
ministration of justice. German pro-
secutors versed in the American
approach and procedure are very
scarce. One Legal Officer has ar-
ranged for young, promising Germans
to work with American prosecutors
and later as prosecutors before MG
courts. Watching the procedure in
the MG courts, such "trainees" are
gaining invaluable experience for
later work in their own German
courts. Education of German lawyers
and law students is a long process
and under present handicaps is very
difficult.
One of the most effective ways of
educating theGermans in ourconcept
of democratic justice is through the
MG courts. That is one of the main
reasons why each of these courts
should be zealous to see that those
concepts are followed in the consi-
deration of cases before them.
(ARMY SIGNAL CORPS photos)
MG Court in Frankfurt. (Below) A
view of the MG court room at the
Military Government building, Nu-
remberg. Today, MGCourtsareacting
more as civil than military courts.
14 iJULY 1947


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