University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 98 (June 1947)

Export program for Bavaria,   p. 18 PDF (685.2 KB)

Page 18

THE signal for initiating export
programs to produce $ 13,170,000
worth of pencils, toys, electro-medical
equipment and overcoats has been
received in Bavaria from the Joint
US/UK Import-Export Agency.
Approval of the programs, which
were developed by Bavarian manu-
facturers in cooperation with Mili-
tary Government, indicates to the
firms concerned that they may begin
production with materials now on
hand, while the bizonal agency will
undertake to import the necessary
raw materials, valued at $1,622,500.
The largest program approved was
the six-month proviso for the pro-
duction of $ 6,000,000 worth of pen-
cils  by  Nuremberg  firms  from
$ 900,000 worth of raw materials.
Although the firm has been in pro-
duction of pencils for export for
nearly a year, new programs must be
drawn every six months to provide
for new imports.
Indicative of the complexity of
such programs was the list of raw
materials which must be procured
for the pencil industry alone: gums
and glues from Egypt and Persia;
aromatic woods from the United
States and Mexico; nitro-cellulose for
varnish from Sweden; linseed oil from
South America; rubber from the
Western Hemisphere; graphite from
Mexico, Ceylon, and Korea; kaolin
and alder-wood from Czechoslovakia;
wax from Japan, and talc powder from
C OUNTRIES throughout the world
will be in the market for these
pencils, said officials of the Trade and
Commerce Branch, Office of Military
Government for Bavaria, because of
the quality and special types included
in the 260 different varieties. The pro-
duction includes all types from heavy
carpenter's pencils to fancy crayons,
in addition to color pencils of 50 dif-
ferent shades.
A five-million-dollar export busi-
ness, based on $ 500,000 of imports,
is anticipated for the toy program
during the next six -months. Imports
which the bizonal agency will pur-
chase for the program include Swe-
dish band steel, linseed oil from the
United States and Holland, resin from
Holland and Portugal and goose-
feathers for artificial Christmas trees
and flowers from Czechoslovakia.
Sheet metal required will be pro-
cured from Germany stocks. Most
important contribution to the toy
program is German skill which pro-
duces complex mechanical toys that
are popular in world markets. Largest
buyers of Bavarian toys are the
United States and European coun-
flHE new program for the Bavarian
A electro-medical industry provides
for the export of $ 2,100,000 of X-ray
and dental equipment and spare parts
for electro-therapeutic equipment dur-
ing the next half year. This program
is extremely important to nearby
European nations, where doctors and
hospitals had used German-produced
medical equipment before the war. An
acute shortage of spare parts has de-
veloped, which can be alleviated by
production of the original manufac-
turers in Bavaria. The program is
based on approximately $ 212,500 of
imports, including copper, molyb-
denum, and tungsten.
Approximately 2,500 "loden coats"
worth $ 70,000 and known for their
high-quality wool, will be produced
for export under the new program,
which will provide for the import of
$ 10,000 of Australian wool. This will
be the first post-war export in this
line of goods.
As of 1 June, $ 33,692,648 worth of
exports had been sold in Bavaria,
with $ 14,019,280 worth already manu-
factured and shipped to the buyers.
The leading purchasers were the
United States, Switzerland, Sweden,
France, and Luxembourg.
German Phone Service
German nationals in the US and
British Zones of Germany, exclusive
of the city of Berlin, are permitted to
make reverse charge (collect) tele-
phone calls to the United States.
Overseas booking offices are located
at Frankfurt, Bremen, Munich, Nurem-
berg, Stuttgart, Wiesbaden, Kassel,
Heidelberg, Minden, and Duesseldorf.
Interzonal Trade
At RM 129,000,000
During the first quarter of 1947,
commodities valued at approximately
RM 75,000,000 were shipped from the
US Zones to the French an Soviet
Zones and Berlin, while US Zone re-
ceipts from these areas totaled about
RM 54,000,000 the Trade and Com-
merce Branch, Economics Division,
OMGUS, announced. Total shipments
from the US Zone showed a four per-
cent increase over shipments for the
fourth quarter of 1946, which totaled
about RM 72,000,000 while receipts
represented a decline of 13 percent
from receipts for the fourth quarter
of 1946, which totaled RM 62,000,000.
Interzonal trade with the French
Zone was considerably greater during
the first quarter of 1947 than with the
Soviet Zone, 77 percent of US Zone
receipts coming from the French Zone
against 21 percent from the Soviet
Zone, and 71 percent of shipments
from the US Zone being made to the
French Zone compared to 25 percent
to the Soviet Zone. Receipts from Ber-
lin were two percent of the total,
and shipments to Berlin four percent.
Swiss Agreement
A trade agreement has been ini-
tiated in Berlin between Switzerland
and the combined UK/US area of Ger-
many. No estimate can be placed at
present on the value or volume of
trade likely to result, but heads of
the delegations which negotiated the
agreement expressed the view it
would greatly facilitate resumption of
normal business activities.
Lists of goods and services available
for export in Switzerland and the
UK/US Zones were exchanged. The
discussions covered trading proce-
dures between the combined UK/US
Zones and Switzerland, visits of
Swiss buyers to the Combined Zones,
as well as the goods and services
available for trade on either side and
the methods of payment.
The arrangements agreed upon re-
lative to the payment for trade be*
tween Switzerland and the UK/US are6
of Germany provide for the establish-
ment with the Banque Nationals
Suisse of a Swiss franc account and
an account kept in dollars.
Export Program for Bavaria
23 JUNE 1947 :"!
.1 i
- 4,

Go up to Top of Page