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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 98 (June 1947)

[Training social workers],   pp. [2]-[5] PDF (3.5 MB)


Page [3]


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OVERCROWDED cities, displaced
persons, disillusioned youth, a
disproportionate larger number of
women-these    are  some 'of the
complex problems which challenge
the schools' of social work in Ger-
many   today. 'Gathering  strenght
after the weakening effects 'of war
and Nazism, these schools are now
flooded with both men  and women
applicants who see in social work a
way to contribute to the reconstruc-
tion of their country.
Before State Socialism in Germany
there were 39 schools of sbcial work
-19 under the jurisdiction of the
state or city, and 20 under voluntary
auspices (7 Catholic, 11 Protestant,
and 2 Interconfessional). In addition,
there was at Berlin a post-graduate
academy-Soziale Paedagqgische Aca-
demie-founded   in  1930. Workers
who had completed their >- train-
ing at a school of social work and
had several years of experience, were
eligible for admission to this ad-
vanced training school which offered
a two-year course. With the develop-
ment of - Nazism,   however, this
academy and a number of the con-
fessional schools were closed.
Today, in the US, British, and
French Zones there are 26 schools
open for classes. Nine are under the
jurisdiction of the state or city and
(17 are under voluntary auspices.
Before the Nazi regime there where
10 schools in the territory ,which .is
(left) A  student In the Social Workers' School, Berlin, enjoys the
practical application of her'lessons by helping two small children..
(below) Other students learn handicraft which they will teach children
placed In their care. ,   -                   (photos by PRO, OMGUS)
now under the control 'of the USSR
and Poland; at the present time only
two-at Leipzig and Magdeburg-
exist. Plans, however, are being made
to open schools in Jena and 'Pots-
dam.
During Weimar Republic days, re-
presentatives of all the schools of
social work in Germany met' every
year under the auspices of the
Prussian Ministry of Social Work in
Berlin. At these meetings, social
problems, policies, and techniques in
social work were considered. The
influence of these conferences is
reflected in the similarity of program
developed by the schools of social
work throughout Germany. Yet there
was   sufficient flexibility  in  the
pattern to allow for adaptation to
local-conditions, rural or industrial.
To enter a school of social work
the would-be student must be at least
19 or 20 years of age. In the past the
great majority of schools admitted
only women. This may be explained
in part by the fact that some of these
schools were founded by, womens
organizations. !For example, the Ca-
tholic Women's Leagues sponsor
three Catholic schools-one in Aachen,
ode In Berlin, and one in Munich.
In Stuttgart the school of social work


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